Geophysical Aspects of Recent Deep Seismic Soundings of the German Crust

  • P. Hubral
Conference paper
Part of the Exploration of the Deep Continental Crust book series (EXPLORATION)


Refraction and (near-vertical as well as wide-angle) seismic reflection investigations of the deep crust have a long tradition in Germany. Many advances were made during the last two decades in developing the seismic methods to provide adequate tools for imaging the crust and extracting the relevant subsurface parameters. Within the framework of the International Lithosphere Program, seismic investigations were extensively performed by DEKORP (Deutsches Kontinentales Reflexionsseismisches Programm ≡ continental seismic reflection program) and XTB (Kontinentales Tiefbohrprogramm ≡ continental deep drilling program). These gave increasingly preference to the near-vertical reflection method as a tool to image the crust with the highest possible resolution. The obtained seismic measurements were very valuable to decide upon one of the two potential drilling sites for a deep well (approx. 12–15 km) in the Hercynian basement complex. From the two initial sites — the Oberpfalz location in north-eastern Bavaria and the Black Forest location in southwestern Germany — the first one was finally chosen.

This paper aims at summarizing
  1. (a)

    results and progresses made with the deep seismic sounding — in particular the near-vertical — methods before and during the KTB and DEKORP surveys

  2. (b)

    ideas and concepts, on how further seismic surveys in the immediate neighbourhood of the chosen drilling site should be performed in order to predict and investigate the geological environment of the scheduled deep well.



Seismic Reflection Seismic Refraction Seismic Anisotropy Deep Crust Seismic Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Angenheister G, Pohl J (1976) Results of seismic investigations in the Ries Crater Area (Southern Germany). In: Giese P, Prodehl C and Stein A (eds) Explosion Seismology in Central Europe. Springer, Berlin, pp 290–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bally AW (ed) (1983) Seismic expression of structural styles — A picture and work atlas — AAPG Studies in Geology Series # 15. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa.Google Scholar
  3. Bartelsen H, Lüschen E, Krey Th, Meissner R, Schmoll J, Walther Ch (1982) The combined seismic reflection-refraction investigation of the Urach geothermal anomaly. In: R. Haenel (ed) The Urach Geothermal Project (Swabian Alb, Germany), Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp 247–262.Google Scholar
  4. Bortfeld RK, Gowin J, Stiller M, Baier B, Behr HJ, Heinrichs T, Dürbaum HJ, Hahn A, Reichert C, Schmoll J, Meissner R, Bittner R, Milkereit B, Gebrande H (1985) First results and preliminary interpretation of deep-reflection seismic recordings along profile DEKORP 2-South. J Geophys 57: 137–163.Google Scholar
  5. Dohr, G (1957a) Zur reflexionsseismischen Erfassung sehr tiefer Unstetigkeitsf1ächen. Erdöl u. Kohle 10: 278–281.Google Scholar
  6. Dohr G (1957b) Ein Beitrag zur Erforschung des tieferen Untergrundes. Geol Rdsch 46: 17–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dohr G, Fuchs K (1967) Statistical evaluation of deep crustal reflections in Germany. Geophysics 32: 951–967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dohr G, Meissner R (1975) Deep crustal reflections in Europe. Geophysics 40: 25–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Giese P, Stein A (1971) Versuch einer einheitlichen Auswertung tiefenseismischer Messungen aus dem Bereich zwischen der Nordsee und den Alpen. Z Geophys 37: 237–272.Google Scholar
  10. Giese P, Prodehl C, Stein A (1976) Explosion seismology in Central Europe, data and results. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York.Google Scholar
  11. Krey Th (1980) Mapping non-reflecting velocity interfaces by normal moveout velocities of underlying horizons. Geophys Prosp 28: 359–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lüschen E, Wenzel F, Sandmeier KJ, Menges D, Ruhl Th, Stiller M, Janoth W, Keller F, Söllner W, Thomas R, Krohe A, Stenger R, Fuchs K, Wilhelm H, Eisbacher G (1987) Near-Vertical and wide-angle seismic surveys in the Black Forest, SW-Germany. J Geophys, in press.Google Scholar
  13. Meissner R, Lüschen E, Flüh ER (1983) Studies of the continental crust by near-vertical reflection methods: A review. Phys Earth Planet Inter 31: 363–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Meissner R, Springer M, Murawski H, Bartelsen H, Flüh ER, Dürschner H (1983) Combined seismic reflection-refraction investigations in the Rhenish Shield and their relation to recent tectonic movements. In: Fuchs K, Murawski H (eds) Plateau Uplift. Springer, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  15. Rühl Th (1987) Tauchwellen-Tomographie für Stripping-Korrekturen und geologische Interpretationen bei den reflexionsseismischen KTB-Profilen im Schwarzwald. Diploma Thesis, Geophysical Institute, Karlsruhe University.Google Scholar
  16. Weber K, Vollbrecht A (1981) Ergebnisse der Vorerkungsarbeiten Lokation Oberpfalz. KTB Report.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Hubral
    • 1
  1. 1.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of KarlsruheKarlsruhe 21Germany

Personalised recommendations