• Heinz-Gerhard Franck
  • Jürgen Walter Stadelhofer


Aromatic compounds are currently defined as cyclic hydrocarbons in which the carbon skeleton is linked by a specified number of conjugated π-bonds in addition to σ-bonds (Hückel’s rule). During the early days of industrial aromatic chemistry in the mid-19th century, the structure of aromatic compounds had not yet been elucidated. The name of this class of compounds is historically-based since the first members were obtained from aromatic, i. e. pleasant-smelling resins, balsams and oils; examples of this are benzoic acid, which was obtained from gum benzoin, toluene from tolu balsam and benzaldehyde from oil of bitter almonds.


Phthalic Anhydride Aromatic Chemistry Cyclic Hydrocarbon Bitter Almond Natural Indigo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz-Gerhard Franck
    • 1
  • Jürgen Walter Stadelhofer
    • 1
  1. 1.Rütgerswerke AGFrankfurt/M 11West Germany

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