Advertisement

Visual Fatigue with Work on Visual Display Units: The Current State of Knowledge

  • Pieter Padmos
Conference paper

Abstract

Visual fatigue is the most frequent health complaint of visual display unit (VDU) workers. In field studies on office populations reported frequencies of complaints vary between 30% and 90%. In addition, many workers are afraid that their eyes may deteriorate through VDU work. On the other hand, visual fatigue is also a common health complaint with other types of work. In “classical” office populations the frequency of complaints varies between 20% and 60%.

Keywords

Visual Item Task Property Luminance Ratio Visual Fatigue Office Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arbeidsinspectie (1980). Het werken met beeldschermen — Concept voorlichtingsblad [Working with VDUs — Draft guidance]. Directorate-General of Labour, Voorburg.Google Scholar
  2. Bahill A.T. & Stark L. (1975). Overlapping saccades and glissades are produced by fatigue in the saccadic eye movement system. Experimental Neurology, 48, pp. 95–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bartley H. (1976). Visual fatigue. In: Psychological aspects and physiological correlates of work and fatigue. E. Simonson & P.C. Weiser, (Eds), pp. 155–175. Thomas, Springfield, IL.Google Scholar
  4. Borish I.M. (1975). Clinical refraction (3rd ed.). The professional press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  5. Buurman R. den, Leebeek H.J., Lenior T.M.J., Scholtens S., Verhagen L.H.J.M. & Vrins A.G.M. (1986). Beeldschermergonomie — beeldschermwerk, ergonomische achtergronden, aanbevelingen [VDU work, ergonomic backgrounds, recommendations]. Nederlandse Vereniging voor Ergonomie, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  6. Cakir A., Hart D.J. & Stewart T.F.M. (1980). Visual display terminals. Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
  7. Carmichael L. & Dearborn W. (1948). Reading and visual fatigue. Harrap, London.Google Scholar
  8. CIE. (1984). Vision and the visual display unit work station (CIE Publication no. 60). Commission International de l’Eclairage, Paris.Google Scholar
  9. Dainoff M.J. (1982). Occupational stress factors in visual display terminal (VDT) operation; a review of empirical research. Behavior and Information Technology, 1, pp. 141–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. DIN. (1983). Kennworte für die Anpassung von Bildschirmarbeitsplatzen an den Menschen [Characteristics of adaptation of VDU workplaces to man]. (DIN standard 66234), Beuth, Berlin.Google Scholar
  11. Duke-Elder W.S. (1949). Text-book of ophthalmology, Vol. IV, pp.4466–4498. Kimpton, London.Google Scholar
  12. Groot J.P. de & Kamphuis A. (1983). Eyestrain in VDU users; physical correlates and long-term effects. Human Factors, 25, pp. 409–413.Google Scholar
  13. Grootendorst, G. (1983). Oog en beeldscherm [Eye and VDU]. Tijdschrift voor Ergonomie, 8, pp. 7–11.Google Scholar
  14. Gunnarson E. & Söderberg I. (1983). Eye strain resulting from VDT work at the Swedish Telecommunications Administration. Applied Ergonomics, 14, pp. 61–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Health and Safety Executive (1983). Visual display units. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London.Google Scholar
  16. Helander M.G., Billingsley P.A. & Schurick J.M. (1984). An evaluation of human factors research on visual display terminals in the workplace. Human Factors Review, 3, pp. 55–129.Google Scholar
  17. Jaschinski-Kruza W. (1984). Transient myopia after visual work. Ergonomics, 27, pp. 1181–1189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kalsbeek J.W.H., Posma E., Bosman D. & Umbach F.W. (1983). How specific is VDT-induced visual fatigue? Proceedings of the Society for Information Display, 24, pp. 63–65.Google Scholar
  19. Meyer-Delius J. & Liebl L. (1976). Evaluation of vigilance related to visual perception. In: Monitoring behavior and supervisory control. T. Sheridan & G. Johansson, (Eds), pp. 97–106, Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  20. National Research Council. (1983). Video displays, work and vision. National Academy Press, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  21. Nederlands Normalisatie Instituut. (in preparation). National specifications for VDU workplaces. NNI, The Hague.Google Scholar
  22. Östberg O. (1976). Review of visual strain, with special reference to micro-image reading. Paper read at International Micrographics Congress, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  23. Padmos P. & Pot F. (1986). Determinants of the VDU operator’s well-being 1. Visual and postural ergonomics, optometry. Proceedings Work With Display Units, pp. 167–170. National Board Occupational Safety and Health, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  24. Padmos P., Pot F.D., Vos J.J. & de Vries-Mol E.C. (1985). Gezondheid en welbevinden bij het werken met beeldschermen 1. Verslag van een vooronderzoek [Health and well-being in VDU operators 1. A state of the art report]. Report 8412139, Ministry of Social Affairs, The Hague.Google Scholar
  25. Pluymen J. (1981). Visuele vermoeidheid [Visual fatigue]. (Report NI 8101), Doctoral essay, Psychophysiology Department, University of Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  26. Pot F., Brouwers A. & Padmos P. (1986). Determinants of the VDU operators’ well-being 2. Work-organization. Proceedings Work With Display Units, pp. 322–324. National Board of Occupational Safety and Health, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  27. Punt H. (1983). Ergophthalmologisch onderzoek bij gebruikers van beeldschermen [Ergophthalmological study on users of VDUs]. Nederlands Militair Geneeskundig Tijdschrift, 36 (3), pp. 7–14.Google Scholar
  28. Wilkins A.J. (1985). Discomfort and visual displays. Displays, April 1985, 101–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter Padmos

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations