Search Strategies in Internal and External Memories
Should the structure of external databases correspond to the structure of long term memory? This question is relevant to human factor specialists engaged in the design of user friendly information retrieval systems. The question presupposes agreement on the assumption that external cognitive acts are performed in the same way as analogous internal mental acts. This assumption is not new and might be considered as the opposite of the internalization hypothesis set forth by, for example, Vygotsky (1978) and Piaget (1953). The internalization hypothesis holds that intelligence as such is the product of perceptual-motor activities of the young child. Manipulations of concrete objects are internalized and integrated into the individual’s mental equipment to deal with the environment.
KeywordsSearch Task External Memory Information Retrieval System Memory Search Memory Element
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