Influence of Crisis Intervention Telephone Services (“Crisis Hotlines”) on the Suicide Rate in 25 German Cities
In the 1950s, churches of both confessions founded crisis intervention services called Telefonseelsorge in many major cities of the Federal Republic of Germany (in the following presentation, we will often refer to these services by using the shorter designation “crisis hotlines”). By 1979 — the year in which this study began — 68 telephone services were operating in which committed lay persons working without remuneration offered advice per telephone, 24 h a day, to individuals experiencing a psychological crisis.
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