Catamnestic Studies on Patients Who Attempted Suicide: An Overview

  • H. Wedler


The efficiency of suicide prevention measures has not been well established up to the present time. Many different reasons may contribute to this fact.


Attempted Suicide Suicidal Behavior Suicide Prevention Crisis Intervention Specific Therapeutic Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baert AE (1974) A five year follow-up study of 50 consecutive suicide attempters. 7th International Congress on Suicide Prevention, Amsterdam, pp 88–92Google Scholar
  2. Bahr J (1971) Stationär behandelte Suizidversuche aus katamnestischer Sicht. Psychiatr Neurol Med Psychol 23:247–252Google Scholar
  3. Barter JT, Swaback DO, Todd D (1968) Adolescent suicide attempts. Arch Gen Psychiatry 19:253–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batchelor IRC, Napier MB (1954) The sequelae and short-term prognosis of attempted suicide. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 17:261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bernasconi R (1972) Etude statistique et catamnestique de cas de tentative de suicide. Rec Med Suisse Romande 92:85–130Google Scholar
  6. Böhme K (1984) Wie geht es weiter? — Eine katamnestische Untersuchung zu Überlebenszeiten und Todesursachen nach Selbstmordversuchen. In: Faust V, Wolfersdorf M (eds) Suizidgefahr. Hippokrates, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  7. Bratfos O (1971) Attempted suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand 47:48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buglass D, McCulloch JW (1970) Further suicidal behaviour. The development and validation of predictive scales. Br J Psychiatry 116:483–491PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dahlgren KG (1945) On suicide and attempted suicide. A psychiatrical and statistical investigation. Lindstedts Univ bokhandel, LundGoogle Scholar
  10. Dahlgren KG (1975) Attempted suicides — 35 years afterwards. 8 Int congr suic prev, Jerusalem, p 32Google Scholar
  11. Eisenthal S, Farberow NL, Shneidman ES (1966) Follow-up of neuropsychiatric patients in suicide observation status. Public Health Rep 81:977–990PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ekblom B, Frisk M (1959) Den vid suicidförsök omedelbart angivna subjektiva orsakens relation till recidivfrekvensen (The relationship of the subjective cause stated immediately in attempted suicides to their frequency of recurrence). Nord Med 62:1176PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ettlinger R (1975) Evaluation of suicide prevention after attempted suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand [Suppl] 260Google Scholar
  14. Ettlinger RW (1964) Suicides in a group of patients who had previously attempted suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand 40:363–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ettlinger RW, Flordh P (1955) Attempted suicide: experience of 500 cases at a general hospital. Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand [Suppl] 103:5–45Google Scholar
  16. Gardner EA, Bahn AK, Mack M (1964) Suicide and psychiatric care in the aging. Arch Gen Psychiatry 10:547–555PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gardner R, Hanka R, O’Brien VC et al. (1977) Psychological and social evaluation in cases of deliberate self-poisoning admitted to a general hospital. Br Med J II: 1567–1570Google Scholar
  18. Gibbons JS (1980) Management of self-poisoning: social work intervention. In: Farmer R, Hirsch S (eds) The suicide syndrome. Croom Helm, London, pp 237–245Google Scholar
  19. Greer S, Bagley C (1971) Effect of psychiatric intervention in attempted suicide: a controlled study. Br Med J 1:310–312PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Greer S, Lee HA (1967) Subsequent progress of potentially lethal attempted suicides. Acta Psychiatr Scand 43:361–371PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hofmann T (1971) Katamnesen nach Suizidversuch — Hinweise für die Behandlung. Schweiz Rundschau Med (Praxis) 60:433–444Google Scholar
  22. Hove H (1953) Reddede selvmordspatienters skaebne. Ugesk Laeger 115:645–646Google Scholar
  23. Jansson B (1962) A catamnestic study of 476 attempted suicides with special regard to the prognosis for cases of drug automatism. Acta Psychiatr Scand 38:183–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jokinen K, Lehtinen V (1977) Suicidal poisonings treated in the medical ward in the year 1970, with 5–6 years follow-up. 9th int congr suic prev, Helsinki, pp 156–163Google Scholar
  25. Katschnig H, Sint P, Fuchs-Robertin G (1980) Suicide and parasuicide: identification of high-and low-risk groups by cluster analysis with a 5-year follow-up. In: Farmer R, Hirsch S (eds) The suicide syndrome. Croom Helm, London, pp 154–166Google Scholar
  26. Kennedy P (1972) Efficacy of a regional poisoning treatment centre in preventing further suicidal behaviour. Br Med J 4:255–257PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kessel N, McCulloch W (1966) Repeated acts of self-poisoning and self-injury. Prov R Soc Med 59:89–92Google Scholar
  28. Kreitmann N (1980) Services for parasuicide and the place of a poisonings unit. In: Farmer R, Hirsch S (eds) The suicide syndrome. Croom Helm, London, pp 259–262Google Scholar
  29. Marten RS (1981) Probleme und Ergebnisse von Verlaufsuntersuchungen an Suizidanten. In: Henseler H, Reimer C (eds) Selbstmordgefährdung. Frommann-Holzboog, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  30. McCarthy PD, Walsh D (1965) Attempted suicide in Dublin. J Irish Med Ass 57:8Google Scholar
  31. Möller HJ, Bürk F, Kurz A, Torhorst A, Wächtler C, Lauter H (1984) Stationäre und poststationäre psychiatrische Versorgung von Patienten nach Suizidversuch durch Intoxikation. In: Deutsch E et al. (eds) Diagnose, Verlaufskontrolle und Therapie schwerer exogener Vergiftungen. Schattauer, Stuttgart, pp 233–241Google Scholar
  32. Motto JA (1965) Suicide attempts. Arch Gen Psychiatry 13:516–520PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Motto JA (1974) Suicide prevention by long term contact. 7th Int congr suic prev, Amsterdam, pp 426–434Google Scholar
  34. Niskanen P, Lönnqvist J, Achte K (1974) Methodological difficulties in a follow-up study concerning attempted suicides. 7th Int congr suic prev, Amsterdam, pp 93–96Google Scholar
  35. Otto U (1971) Barns och Ungdomars självmordshandlingar. Seelig, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  36. Paerregaard G (1974) Suicide frequency among persons who have attempted suicide. A 10 years follow-up. 7th Int congr suic prev, Amsterdam, pp 97–100Google Scholar
  37. Pino R, Kockott G, Feuerlein W (1979) Sechs-Jahres-Katamnese an hundert Patienten mit Suizidversuchen durch Tabletteneinnahme. Arch Psychiatr Nervenkr 227:213–226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pokorny A (1966) A follow-up study of 618 suicidal patients. Am J Psychiatry 122:1095Google Scholar
  39. Retterstøl N (1974 a) The future fate of suicide attempters. 7th Int congr suic prev, Amsterdam, pp 101–109Google Scholar
  40. Retterst0l N (1974 b) Personal follow-up examination of patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital. 7th Int congr suic prev, Amsterdam, pp 110–113Google Scholar
  41. Ringel E (1952) Der Selbstmord. Maudrich, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  42. Rosen DH (1970) The serious suicide attempt: epidemiological and follow-up study of 886 patients. Am J Psychiatry 127:764–770PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Ruegsegger P (1963) Selbstmordversuche. Klinische, statistische und katamnestische Untersuchungen an 132 Suizidversuchspatienten. Psychiatr Neurol 146:81–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sakinofsky I (1974) A domiciliary follow-up of suicide attempters: conclusions regarding prediction and treatment. In: Speyer N et al. (eds) 7th Int conf suicide prevention. Swets andl Zeitlinger, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  45. Schmidt EH, O’Neal P, Robins E (1954) Evaluation of suicide attempts as guide to therapy. J Am Med Assoc 155:549PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schneider PB (1954) Recherches catamnestiques sur la tentative de suicide. Bull Schweiz Akad Med Wiss 10:143–155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Stengel E (1952) Enquiries into attempted suicide. Proc R Soc Med 45:613–620PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Stengel E, Cook N, Kreeger RI (1958) Attempted suicide, Maudsley monograph, no 4. Chap-mann and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  49. Thibault GE, Mulley AG, Barnett GO et al. (1980) Medical intensive care: indications, interventions and outcomes. N Engl J Med 302:938–942PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tuckman J, Youngman WF (1968) Assessment of suicide risk in attempted suicide. In: Resnik HL (ed) Suicidal behaviors. Little Brown, BostonGoogle Scholar
  51. Udsen P (1966) Prognosis and follow-up of attempted suicide. Int Anaesthiol Clin 4:379–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wedler HL (1984) Der Suizid-Patient im Allgemeinkrankenhaus. Enke, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  53. Wilkins J (1970) A follow-up study of those who called a suicide prevention center. Am J Psychiatry 127:155–161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Wolf R, Graf T, Wedler HL (1979) Über die Änderung der Lebenssituation nach Suizidversuchen. Med Welt 30:1431–1435PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Wulliemier F, Kremer P, Carron R (1977) Vergleichende Studie über zwei Interventionsarten bei Suizidanten, die im allgemeinen Krankenhaus aufgenommen worden sind. Suizidprophylaxe 4:248–250Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Wedler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations