Kidney Function

  • I.W. Henderson
  • L. B. O’Toole
  • N. Hazon


Elasmobranch kidneys are elongate paired structures lying along the dorsal wall of the body cavity. In sharks they appear anteriorly as thread-like structures midway along the abdominal cavity and gradually widen posteriorly on either side of the dorsal aorta, to fuse and overlap at the level of the cloaca. In skates they are lobulate bodies on either side of the cloaca, running cephalad, parallel to the middorsal line in the males, but often anteriorly-degenerate in the females (Hyman 1942; Hickman and Trump 1969).


Rectal Gland Spiny Dogfish Juxtaglomerular Cell Elasmobranch Fish Trimethylamine Oxide 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • I.W. Henderson
    • 1
  • L. B. O’Toole
    • 2
  • N. Hazon
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Gatty Marine LaboratoryUniversity of St. AndrewsUK

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