Since climate represents the characteristic biospheric conditions at a location or area, it chiefly results from the varying solar and atmospheric moisture and circulation conditions over space and time. Climate at any space or time level is, therefore, represented by certain expressions of the various atmospheric elements, which are concerned with radiation, temperature, sunshine, precipitation and others. The superior impact of the atmosphere upon climate is governed by various factors which control the climate; these climate-controlling factors are, in the widest sense, of a topographical nature (see Sects. 2.1–2.3). Additionally, seasons will be considered as a climate-controlling factor, thus referring to the major time scale of climate impact (see Sect. 2.4).
KeywordsDepression Posite Indonesia
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