Serology as a Tool for Identification of Dead Bodies
Identification of human remains by the traditional methods of pathology may be impossible or uncertain because of hard damage or decay, and in such cases serologic examinations may provide the necessary evidence for identification. The methods used routinely comprise the ABO blood group antigens, the serumproteins Hp, Gm and Km, the erythrocyte enzymes PGM1, AcP1, AK, 6PGD, and ADA. Recently the tissue types, HLA-A,B,C have been added when necessary. While some of these markers degrade soon after the time of death, the HLA antigens have proved remarkably stable, and this rather polymorphic system thus may yield positive evidence for identification.
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