Fourth Generation Languages

  • Jarle Aaram
Part of the IFIP State-of-the-Art Reports book series (IFIP)


Programming languages are usually divided into four generations. The first generation is the machine languages, where programmers have to write each binary-coded machine instruction. Binary coding is voluminous and laborious to write, and the programs are difficult to read and maintain, and highly machine dependent.


Program Logic Production Management Fourth Generation Procedural Logic Special Logic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Martin, James, Application Development without Programmers. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1982Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Martin, James, Fourth-Generation Languages. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1985Google Scholar

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© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jarle Aaram

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