The Heavy Metal Burden in Ancient Societies

  • Tony Waldron
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

There is no entirely satisfactory definition of what constitutes a ‘heavy metal’ but the group is generally taken to include at least the following: silver (atomic weight 108), cadmium (112), tin (119), antimony (112), platinum (195), gold (197), mercury (201), thallium (204) and lead (207). In their various ways, these metals have all been extremely important in human history because of their technological or commercial value. Four of the group (cadmium, lead, mercury and thallium) are toxic to man and all but thallium might have been encountered in different ways by peoples in antiquity.

Keywords

Zinc Sulphide Mercury Osteoporosis Cadmium 

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Notes and references

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tony Waldron
    • 1
  1. 1.Bounds Green LondonUK

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