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NaCl Transport in Salt Glands

  • E. Schlatter
  • R. Greger
Part of the Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology book series (COMPARATIVE, volume 1)

Abstract

Thirty years ago Schmidt-Nielsen and his co-workers described a salt-secreting supraorbital nasal gland in marine birds (K. Schmidt-Nielsen et al. 1957, 1958). The avian salt gland was the second extrarenal organ after the gills of fish that was found to participate in the osmoregulation in marine animals. Later, other homologous and nonhomologous exocrine salt glands have been described in a variety of vertebrates such as the lacrimal gland of turtles (K. Schmidt-Nielsen and Fänge 1958), the sublingual gland of sea snakes (K. Schmidt-Nielsen and Fänge 1958), the rectal gland of elasmobranchs (Burger and Hess 1960), the nasal salt gland in some terrestrial birds (K. Schmidt-Nielsen et al. 1963), the nasal salt glands of various reptiles (W. A. Dunson 1976; K. Schmidt-Nielsen et al. 1963; Templeton 1964), and the dendritic organ of marine catfish (van Lennep and Lanzing 1967). The term “salt gland” is generally used for extrarenal salt-excreting glands in vertebrates (van Lennep and Young 1979). However, glandular organs with a similar osmoregulatory function have also been described in invertebrates, such as the crustacean salt glands (Conte 1984; Copeland 1967).

Keywords

Basolateral Membrane Salt Gland Salt Loading Rectal Gland Spiny Dogfish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Schlatter
    • 1
  • R. Greger
    • 1
  1. 1.Physiologisches Institut der Albert-Ludwigs-UniversitätFreiburgGermany

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