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Toxins Produced by Three Species of Seiridium Affecting Cypress Trees

  • A. Ballio
  • A. Evidente
  • A. Graniti
  • G. Randazzo
  • L. Sparapano
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 27)

Abstract

Seiridium cardinale, a strain of S. cupressi (teleomorph: Lepteutypa cupressi) and S. unicorne cause canker diseases on Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and other members of Cupressaceae (Graniti, 1986; Graniti and Frisullo, 1987). Besides the cankers, yellowing or reddening of the foliage and die-back frequently occur, but often in plant parts or branches distal from where the fungus can be isolated. This observation suggests that transiocatable Phytotoxins could be involved in the development of these symptoms. Therefore we have began to investigate this possibility.

Keywords

Mung Bean Single Spore Isolate Canker Disease Cypress Tree Cupressus Sempervirens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Ballio A, Evidente A, Graniti A, Randazzo G, Sparapano L (1988a) Seiricuprolide, a new phytotoxic macrolide from a strain of Seiridium cupressi infecting cypress. Phytochemistry 27:3117–3121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ballio A, Evidente A, Graniti A, Randazzo G, Sparapano L (1988b) Seiricuprine, a new phytotoxic trisubstituted resorcinol from a Greek strain of Seiridium cupressi infecting cypress. J Nat Prod (in press)Google Scholar
  3. Evidente A, Randazzo G, Ballio A (1986) Structure determination of seiridin and isoseiridin, phytotoxic butenolides from culture filtrate of Seiridium cardinale. J Nat Prod 49:593–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Graniti A (1986) Seiridium cardinale and other cypress cankers. EPPO Bull 16:479–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Graniti A, Frisullo S (1987) Fungi associated with cypress canker diseases in the Mediterranean area. In: Proc 7th Congr Medit Phytopath Union, Granada, Spain, 211–213Google Scholar
  6. Sparapano L, Evidente A, Ballio A, Graniti A, Randazzo G. (1986) New phytotoxic metabolites produced by Seiridiurn cardinale, the pathogen of cypress canker disease. Experientia 42:627–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ballio
    • 1
  • A. Evidente
    • 2
  • A. Graniti
    • 3
  • G. Randazzo
    • 4
  • L. Sparapano
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze biochimicheUniversità ‘La Sapienza’RomaItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di ChimicaUniversità della BasilicataPotenzaItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Patologia vegetaleUniversitàBariItaly
  4. 4.Istituto di Chimica biologicaUniversitàCagliariItaly

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