Advertisement

Plant Cell Death: A Determinant of Disease Resistance and Susceptibility

  • J. A. Bailey
  • R. J. O’Connell
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 27)

Abstract

Death and browning of plant cells and tissues are common symptoms in plants infected with pathogenic fungi. When such symptoms become extensive an infected plant is regarded as susceptible; when they become limited a plant is described as resistant. An extreme example of resistance associated with death of plant cells is the hypersensitive reaction, where only one, or at most, a few dead cells are associated with very restricted growth of the pathogen. In contrast, extreme susceptibility is seen as a large volume of rotting tissue, which increases in size as the pathogen continues to grow. The present paper outlines how symptom development can be explained in terms of the types of cell death that occur. In particular, it considers the ability of fungal toxins to kill cells and how interactions between the killed cells and surrounding healthy tissues can determine continued or restricted growth of plant pathogenic fungi.

Keywords

Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase Pectin Lyase Restricted Growth Plant Cell Death Colletotrichum Lindemuthianum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bailey JA (1982) Mechanisms of phytoalexin accumulation. In: Bailey JA, Mansfield JW (eds) Phytoalexins. Blackie and Son, Glasgow, 289–318Google Scholar
  2. Bailey JA, Mansfield JW (1982) Phyto alexins, Blackie and Son, Glasgow, p. 334Google Scholar
  3. Bell JN, Ryder TB, Wingate VPH, Bailey JA, Lamb CJ (1986) Differential accumulation of plant defense gene transcripts in a compatible and incompatible plant-pathogen interaction. Mol Cell Biol 6:1615–1623PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Collinge DB, Slusarenko AJ (1987) Plant gene expression in response to pathogens. Pl Mol Biol 9:389–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. de Wit PJM (1986) El i ci tati on of Active Resistance Mechanisms. In: Bailey JA (ed) Biology and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathogen Interactions. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 149–169Google Scholar
  6. Hargreaves JA (1981) Accumulation of phytoalexins in cotyledons of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) following treatment with Triton (t-octylphenol polyethoxyethanol) surfactants. New Phytol 87:733–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hargreaves JA, Bailey JA (1978) Phytoalexin production by hypocotyls of Phaseolus vulgaris in response to constitutive metabolites released by damaged cells. Physiol Pl Pathol 13:89–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Heath MC (1981) A generalized concept of host-parasite specificity. Phytopathology 71:1121–1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mayama S, Tani T, Ueno T, Midland SL, Sims JJ, Keen NT (1986) The purification of victorin and its phytoalexin elicitor activity in oat leaves. Physiol Pl Pathol 29:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. O’Connell RJ, Bailey JA, Richmond DV (1985) Cytology and physiology of infection of Phaseolus vulgari s by Colleto-trichum lindemuthianum. Physiol Pl Pathol 27:75–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. O’Connell RJ, Bailey JA (1988) Differences in the extent of fungal development, host cell necrosis and symptom expression during race-cultivar interactions between Phaseolus vulgaris and Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Pl Pathol (In Press)Google Scholar
  12. Rahe JE (1973) Occurrence and levels of the phytoalexin phase-ollin in relation to delimitation at sites of infection of Phaseolus vulgaris by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Canad J Bot 51:2423–2430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Scheel D, Hauffe KD, Jahnen W, Hahlbrock K (1986) Stimulation of phytoalexin formation in fungus infected plants and el i ci tor-treated cell cultures of parsley. In: Lugtenberg B (ed) Recognition in Microbe-Plant Symbiotic and Pathogenic Interactions. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 325–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ward EWB (1986) Biochemical mechanisms involved in resistances of plants to fungi. In: Bailey JA (ed) Biology and Molecular Biology of Plant-Pathogen Interactions. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 107–131Google Scholar
  15. Wijesundera RLC, Bailey JA, Byrde RJW (1984) Production of pectin lyase by Col1etotrichum lindemuthianum and in infected bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) tissue. J Gen Microbiol 130:285–290Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Bailey
    • 1
  • R. J. O’Connell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Sciences, AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Long Ashton Research StationUniversity of BristolBristolUK

Personalised recommendations