Syringomycin Effects on Plasma Membrane Ca+2 Transport

  • J. Y. Takemoto
  • J. L. Giannini
  • T. Vassey
  • D. P. Briskin
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 27)


The Phytotoxin syringomycin is produced by the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae and is a major virulence factor in plant diseases caused by this organism (DeVay, et al., 1968; Sinden, et al., 1971; Gross and DeVay, 1977). Recent work has shown that syringomycin acts primarily at the plasma membranes of plant and yeast cells (Zhang and Takemoto, 1986; Zhang and Takemoto, 1987; Bidwai, et al., 1987). Among its effects on plasma membrane are hyperpolarization (Zhang and Takemoto, 1986; Zhang and Takemoto, 1987; Reidl and Takemoto, 1987), alterations of proton and potassium fluxes (Zhang and Takemoto, 1987; Reidl and Takemoto, 1987), stimulation of the proton-pump ATPase (Bidwai, et al., 1987), and an increase in the rates of protein phosphorylation (Bidwai and Takemoto, 1987).


Tissue Slice Plasma Membrane Vesicle Peach Tree Rapid Efflux Potassium Flux 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Y. Takemoto
    • 1
  • J. L. Giannini
    • 2
  • T. Vassey
    • 2
  • D. P. Briskin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUtah State UniversityLoganUSA
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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