L-Form Bacteria and Somatic Associations with Eucaryotes

  • A. M. Paton
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 18)


Within the context of a Workshop concerned With aspects of the environmental releases of genetically engineered organisms it is appropriate to consider the implications of an alternative means of “engineering” Whereby desired expressions are obtained by creating stable somatic associations and hence avoiding actual genetic manipulation.


Risk Assessment Environmental Release Osmotic Status Acceptable Environment Apply Bacteriology 
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  2. Guse. L.B. 1968 Microbial Protoplasts, Spheroplasts and L-forms. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  3. Hayflick, L. 1969 The Mycoplasmatales and the L-phase of bacteria. New York: Appleton-Century Crofts.Google Scholar
  4. Madoff, S. 1986 The Bacterial L-forms. New York & Basel: Dekker.Google Scholar
  5. Paton, A.M. 1987 L-forms: Evolution or revolution? Journal of Applied Bacteriology 63, 365–371.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Paton
    • 1
  1. 1.School of AgricultureUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenScotland, UK

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