Problems and Prospects in Controlling Verticillium Wilt

  • E. C. Tjamos
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 28)

Abstract

Verticillium dahliae and V. albo-atrum are destructive soil fungi, causing great damage to many crops. This review analyses the numerous and complicated problems in controlling the diseases and focuses on the prospects for controlling these pathogens through recent advances in plant pathology, which relate directly or indirectly to the vascular wilts. The headings listed below are treated in the appropriate detail in the text.

Keywords

Pseudomonas Sorghum Fusarium Egypt Thiophanate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ashworth LJ Jr, Gaona SA and Surber E (1985) Verticillium wilt of pistachio: the influence of potassium nutrition on susceptibility to infection by Verticillium dahliae. Phytopathology 75: 1091–1093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Besri M, Zrouri M and Beye I (1984) Race characteristics and comparative pathogenicity for some isolates of Verticillium dahliae (Kleb.) obtained from resistant tomatoes in Marocco. Phytopathol Z 109: 289–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brinkerhoff IA (1969) The influence of temperature and soil microflora on microsclerotial development of Verticillium alboatrum in absised cotton leaves. Phytopathology 50: 805–808Google Scholar
  4. Brown AE (1985) Ferrous complexes in fungal disease suppression. In Annual report of research and technical work of the Department of Agriculture of Northern Ireland 1985. Belfast, Northern Ireland UK (1986) 139–140Google Scholar
  5. Christias C, Tjamos EC, Zioudrou C and Kornaros E (1981) In vitro inhibition of microsclerotia formation by cysteine hydrochloride in Verticillium dahliae. Proceedings of the 3rd International Verticillium Symposium, Bari, Italy, p 21Google Scholar
  6. Christias C (1987) The prospect of controlling Verticillium wilt of cotton by the use of specific inhibitors of microsclerotium formation. 4th National Phytopathological Conference of the Hellenic Phytopathological Society, October 13–15, 1987 Athens Greece (Abstr) p 17Google Scholar
  7. Davis JR and Everson DO (1986) Relation of Verticillium dahliae in soil and potato tissue, irrigation method and N-fertility of Verticillium wilt of potato. Phytopathology 76: 730–736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dutta BK (1981) Studies on some fungi isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato plants and the consequent prospect for the control of Verticillium wilt. Plant Soil 63: 209–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Erwin DC, Tsai SD and Khan RA (1979) Growth retardants mitigate Verticillium wilt and influence yield of cotton. Phytopathology 69:283–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Erwin DC (1981) Chemical Control: 563–594 in Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants. Mace ME, Bell AA and Beckman CH (eds)Google Scholar
  11. Franco J and Bendezu E (1985) Study of the complex Verticillium dahliae Kleb. and Globodera pallida Stone and its effect on the behaviour of some Peruvian potato cultivars. Fitopatologia 20: 21–27 Abstract from Review of Plant Pathology 1987: 2996Google Scholar
  12. Fravel DR, Kim KK and Papavizas GC (1987) Viability of microsclerotia of Verticillium dahliae reduced by a metabolite produced by Talaromyces flavus. Phytopathology 77:616–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Greenberger A, Yogev A and Katan J (1987) Induced suppressiveness in solarized soils. Phytopathology 77: 1663–1667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hafez AAR, Stout PR and DeVay JE (1975) Potassium uptake by cotton in relation to Verticilliurn wilt. Agronomy Journal 67: 359–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hartman H, Schnathorst WC and Whisler J (1971) Oblonga, a clonal olive root-stock resistant to Verticillium wilt. Calif Agr 25 (6): 12–15Google Scholar
  16. Hawksworth DL and Talboys PW (1970) C.M.I. Description of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No 255, 256Google Scholar
  17. Heale JB (1985) Verticillium wilt of alfalfa, background and current research. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 7: 191–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hide GA, Gorbett DC and Evans K (1984) Effects of soil treatments and cultivars on “early dying” disease of potatoes caused by Globodera rostochiensis and Verticillium dahliae. Annals of Applied Biology 104: 277–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Huang HC, Harper AM, Kokko EG and Howard RJ (1983) Aphid transmission of Verticillium albo-atrum to alfalfa. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 5: 144–147Google Scholar
  20. Huang HC and Harper AM (1985) Survival of Verticillium albo-atrum from alfalfa in feces of leaf-chewing insects. Phytopathology 75: 206–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huang HC, Hanna MR and Kokko EG (1985) Mechanisms of seed contamination by Verticillium albo-atrum in alfalfa. Phytopathology 75: 482–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Huang HC, Richards KW and Kokko EG (1986) Role of the leafcutter bee in dissemination of Verticillium albo-atrum in alfalfa. Phytopathology 76: 75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jacob F and Neumann S (1987) Principles of uptake and systemic transport of fungicides within plant. In Modern, Selective Fungicides - Properties, Application, Mechanisms of Action. Longman Group UK Ltd London and VEB Gustar Fisher Verlag, Jena Lyr H (ed) 13–30Google Scholar
  24. Katan J, Greenberger A, Alon A and Grinstein A (1976) Solar heating by polyethelene mulching for the control of diseases caused by soil-borne pathogens. Phytopathology 76: 683–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kalb DW and Millar RL (1986) Dispersal of Verticillium albo-atrum by the fungus gnat (Bradysia impatiens). Plant Disease 70: 752–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Koroleva NS, Kasyanenco AG and Miller VR (1986) Studies on the ecology, populations and evolution of Verticillium species. I Population density dynamics of Verticillium dahliae Kleb. Mikologiya i Fitopatologia 20: 509–512. Abstract from Review of Plant Pathology 66: 4830Google Scholar
  27. Kim KK, Fravel DR and Papavizas GC (1987) Identification and characterization of a metabolite produced by Talaromyces flavus which mediates biocontrol of Verticillium dahliae. Phytopathology 77:1720 (Abstract)Google Scholar
  28. Krikum J and Bernier CC (1987) Colonization and infestion of Verticillium dahliae on some crop species. 4th International Verticillium Symposium University at Guelph, Guelph Ontario. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 9: 81 (Abstract)Google Scholar
  29. Kuč J (1982) Induced immunity to plant disease. Bioscience 32 (11): 854–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Latunde-Dada AO and Lucas JA (1983) Somaclonal variation and reaction to Verticillium wilt in Medicago sativa L. plants regenerated from protoplasts. Plant Science Letters 32: 205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Marinkovič N, Miladinovic Z and Aleksić Z (1984) Resistance of progenies of some interspecies hybrids of Capsicum annuum L. to Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke & Berth. Zastita Bilja 35: 363–372. Abstract from Review of Plant Pathology 1985: 5279Google Scholar
  32. Marois JJ, Johnston SA, Dunn MT and Papavizas GC (1982) Biological control of Verticillium wilt of eggplant in the field. Plant Disease 66: 1166–1168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Marois JJ, Fravel DR and Papavizas GC (1984) Ability of Talaromyces flavus to occupy the rhizosphere and its interaction with verticillium dahliae. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 16: 387–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mathre DE (1986) Occurence of Verticillium dahliae on barley. Plant Disease 70: 981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Matta A and Garibaldi A (1984) Strains of Verticillium dahliae virulent on tomato hybrids with the Ve-gene for resistance to race 1 in Italy. In Proceedings of the 6th Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathological Union Cairo Egypt: 283–285Google Scholar
  36. Mussel H, Osmeloski J, Wettlaufer SH and Weinstein L (1987) Suppression of Verticillium wilt of tomato by difluoromethyl ornithine a suicidal inhibitor of polyamine biosynthesis. Plant Disease 71: 313–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nachmias A and Krikum J (1984) Transmission of Verticillium dahliae in potato seeds. phytopathology 74: 535–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. O’Brien MJ (1983) Evaluation of eggplant accesions and cultivars for resistance to Verticillium wilt. Plant Disease 67: 763–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Okie WR and Gardner RG (1982) Breeding for resistance to Verticillium dahliae race 2 of tomato in North Carolina. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 107: 552–555Google Scholar
  40. Park CI and Kim WG (1986) Fungi detected in the seeds of vegetable crops imported from Japan. Korean Journal of Mycology 14, 89–91. Abstract from Review of Plant Pathology 66: 740Google Scholar
  41. Parnis EM and Sackston WE (1979) Invasion of lupin seed by Verticillium albo-atrum. Can J Bot 57: 597–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pennypacker BW, Leath KT and Hill RR Jr (1985) Resistant plants as symptomless carners of Verticillium albo-atrum. Plant Disease 69: 510–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pullman GS, DeVay JE, Garber RH and Weinhold AR (1981) Soil solarization: Effects on Verticillium wilt of cotton and soilborne populations of Verticilliurn dahliae, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia solani and Thielaviopsis basicola. Phytopathology 71: 954–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ribeiro R de LD (1972) On the infection of eggplant seeds by isolates of Verticillium dahliae Klebahn. Arq Univ Fed Rur Rio de Janeiro 2: 17–20 (From Review of Plant Pathology, 4934: 1974)Google Scholar
  45. Robb J, Smith A and Busch L (1982) Wilts caused by Verticilliurn species. Acytological survey of vascular alterations in leaves. Can J Bot 60: 825–837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sackston WE and Martens JW (1959) Dissemination of Verticillium albo-atrum on seed of sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Can J Bot 37: 759–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Schnathorst WC (1965) Origin of new growth in dormant microsclerotial masses of Verticillium albo-atrum. Mycologia 57: 343–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Schnathorst WC and Mathre DE (1966) Cross-protection in cotton with strains of Verticillium albo-atrum. Phytopathology 56: 1204–1209Google Scholar
  49. Tchatchova J and Sikora RA (1983) Alteration in susceptibility of wilt resistant cotton varieties to Verticillium dahliae induced by Rotylenchulus reniformis. Zeitschrift für Pflanzen Krankheiten und Pflanzenschutz 90: 232–237. Abstract from Review of Plant Pathology 1983: 4696Google Scholar
  50. Thanasoulopoulos CC, Biris DA and Tjamos EC (1981) Weed hosts as inoculum source of Verticillium in olive orchards. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 20: 164–168Google Scholar
  51. Tjamos EC (1980) Occurence of race 2 of Verticillium dahliae in Greece. Annls Inst Phytopath Benaki (N.S.) 12: 216–226Google Scholar
  52. Tjamos EC (1981) Virulence of Verticillium dahliae and V. alboatrum isolates in tomato seedlings in relation to their host of origin and the applied cropping system. Phytopathology 71: 98–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Tjamos EC (1981) Systemic induction of protection to Verticillium wilt in cucumbers. In Active defense mechanisms in plants, p 360. Wood RKS (ed)Google Scholar
  54. Tjamos EC, Chitzanides A and Kornaros E (1981) Failure of two growth retardants to suppress Verticillium wilt symptoms and increase yield in cotton field trials in Greece. In the Pro ceedings of the 3rd International Verticillium Symposium, Bari Italy, p 60Google Scholar
  55. Tjamos EC, Biris DA and Thanasoulopoulos CC (1985) Resistance evaluation to Verticillium dahliae of olive rootstocks, pp 18–19 (Abstract). In summaries of invited and Research Papers. 3rd National phytopathological Conference of the Hellenic Phytopathological Society, October 16–18, 1985 Volos GreeceGoogle Scholar
  56. Tjamos EC and Botseas D (1988) Occurrence of Verticillium dahliae in leaves of Verticillium wilted olive - trees. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 9: 86 (Abstract)Google Scholar
  57. Tjamos EC and Paplomatas EJ (1987) Effect of soil solarization on the survival of fungal antagonists of Verticillium dahliae. EPPO Bulletin 17: 645–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Tjamos EC, Paplomatas EJ and Biris DA (1988) Long-lasting symptom remission in Verticillium wilted olive-trees after soil solarization. 5th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Kyoto, Japan. Abstracts of papers, p 213Google Scholar
  59. Tjamos EC and Paplomatas EJ (1988) Long-term effect of soil solarization in controlling Verticillium wilt of globe artichokes in Greece. Plant Pathology (in Press)Google Scholar
  60. Tjamos EC, Karapapas V and Bardas D (1988) Low cost application of soil solarization in covered plastic houses for the control of Verticillium wilt of tomatoes in Greece. Acta Horticulturae (in Press)Google Scholar
  61. Toyoda H, Hashimoto H, Utsumi R, Kobayashi Hand Ouchi S (1988) Detixification of fusaric acid by a fusaric acid resistant mutant of Pseudomonas solanacearum and its application to biological control of Fusarium wilt of tomato. Phytopathology (in Press)Google Scholar
  62. Van der Spek J (1972) Internal carriage of Verticillium dahliae by seeds and its consequences. Meded Fak Landb Wet Gent 37: 567–573Google Scholar
  63. Viands DR (1985) Comparison of “Maris Kabal” with “Vertus” alfalfa for resistance to Verticillium wilt. Crop Science 25: 1096–1100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wilhelm S (1955) Longevity of the Verticillium wilt fungus in the laboratory and field. Phytopathology 45: 180–181Google Scholar
  65. Wilhelm S (1981) Sources and genetics of host resistance in field and fruit crops: 300–369. In Fungal wilt Diseases of Plants A.P. Mace ME, Bell AA and Beckman CH (eds)Google Scholar
  66. Wilhelm S, Sagen JE and Tietz H (1985) Phenotype modification in cotton for control of Verticillium wilt through dense plant population culture. Plant Disease 69: 283–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. C. Tjamos
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of PhytopathologyAgricultural University of AthensVotanikos, AthensGreece

Personalised recommendations