Sources and Pathways of Contamination of Potatoes by Soft Rot Erwinias in Scotland
Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) causes potato blackleg in the field in temperate climates and together with E. carotovora subsp. carotovora (Ecc) is commonly associated with tuber soft rot in the stored crop. Blackleg is a seed-borne disease and its development is affected by several factors, of which environmental conditions, especially wet soils, which favour growth of the bacteria, and the level of contamination of the seed tubers by Eca are the most important.
KeywordsPeru Erwinia Riol
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Chiu WF, Yuen CS and Wu CA (1958) On the overwintering and dissemination of soft rot organisms, Erwinia aroideae (Towns) Holland. Acta Phytopath Sin 4:8–15 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Graham DC, Quinn CE and Bradley LF (1977) Quantitative studies on the generation of aerosols of Erwinia carotovora var. atroseptica by simulated raindrop impaction on blackleg–infected potato strains. J Appl Bacteriol 43:412–424Google Scholar
- Pérombelon MCM (1979) Contamination of potato crops by airborne Erwinia carotovora. Proc Int Conf Plant Path Bact 4th, Angers 1978. pp 63–65. ed Stat Path Veg Phytobacteriol Angers, France INRA, p 978Google Scholar
- Pérombelon MCM and Hyman LJ (1988) Survival of soft rot coliforms Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora and E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica in soil in Scotland. J Appl Bacteriol (in Press)Google Scholar
- Stanghellini ME (1982) Soft rotting bacteria in the rhizosphere. In Phytopathologenic Prokaryotes Vol 1, eds pp 249–261. Academic Press, New YorksGoogle Scholar