Advertisement

Malfunction of the Fallopian Tubes: Spontaneous Conditions and Surgical Studies

Chapter
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Much of the text so far has considered normal physiological processes in the Fallopian tubes, especially as they concern progression and fusion of the gametes and the first steps in development of the embryo. Whilst the emphasis is thereby — and perhaps appropriately — placed on the condition of fertility, problems in the female duct system that are associated with infertility, if not complete sterility, cannot be overlooked. The intention of this chapter is not to divert the reader from perusing suitable clinical texts on many of these matters, but rather to offer informed comment on clinical topics in the light of studies in experimental animals. It goes without saying that the scope for relevant experimentation is greater in domestic animals than in our own species, and the same is true in terms of the latitude for examining embryos to establish morphological normality and potential viability. Some of the paragraphs that follow assume a historical perspective, not only in their own right but also in view of the material contained in Chapter IX. However, it would be rash to predict the response of future societies to technical advances in vitro, and therefore the limitations of earlier techniques are certainly worth reviewing.

Keywords

Fallopian Tube Corpus Luteum Ectopic Pregnancy Chlamydia Trachomatis Tubal Pregnancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams CE (1977) Ectopic pregnancy. Bibliog Reprod 30:97–98Google Scholar
  2. Adams CE (1979) Consequences of accelerated ovum transport, including a re-evaluation of Estes’ operation. J Reprod Fertil 55:239–246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson LL (1973) Effects of hysterectomy and other factors on luteal function. In: Greep RO, Astwood EB (eds) Handbook of physiology, endocrinology II, Part 1. American Physiological Society, Washington, pp 69–86Google Scholar
  4. Anderson LL, Bland KP, Melampy RM (1969) Comparative aspects of uterine-luteal relationships. Recent Progr Horm Res 25:57–99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Baker RD, Polge C (1973) Sperm penetration of pig eggs in utero. J Reprod Fertil 33:347–350PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bedford JM (1969) Limitations of the uterus in the development of the fertilizing ability (capacitation) of spermatozoa. J Reprod Fertil Suppl 8:19–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Benirschke K (1969) Pathologic processes of the oviduct. In: Hafez ESE, Blandau RJ (eds) The mammalian oviduct. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 271–307Google Scholar
  8. Beyth Y, Winston RML (1981) Ovum capture and fertility following microsurgical fimbriectomy in the rabbit. Fertil Steril 35:464–466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Brosens I, Winston R (1978) Reversibility of female sterilization Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Brunham RC, MacLean IW, Binns B, Peeling RW (1985) Chlamydia trachomatis:its rôle in tubal infertility. J Infect Dis 152:1275–1282PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chamberlain G, Winston R (1982) Tubal infertility:diagnosis and treatment. Blackwell Sci Publ, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Chang MC (1950) Development and fate of transferred rabbit ova or blastocyst in relation to the ovulatory time of recipients. J Exp Zool 114:197–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chang MC (1955) Developpement de la capacité fertilisatrice des spermatozoides du lapin à l’interieure du tractus genital femelle et fécondabilité des oeufs de lapine. In: La fonction tubaire et ses troubles. Masson, Paris, pp 40–52Google Scholar
  14. Coutinho EM (1971) Tubal and uterine motility. In: Diczfaluzy E, Borell U (eds) Control of human fertility. Nobel Symposium 15, Wiley, New York, pp 97–115Google Scholar
  15. Craft I, McLeod F, Green S, Djahanbakhch O, Bernard A, Livigg H (1982) Human pregnancy following oocyte and sperm transfer to the uterus. Lancet 1:1031–1033PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Croxatto HB, Ortiz ME, Diaz S, Hess R, Balmaceda J, Croxatto HD (1978) Studies on the duration of egg transport by the human oviduct. II. Ovum location at various intervals following luteinizing hormone peak. Am J Obstet Gynecol 132:629–634PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. David A, Brackett BG, Garcia CR (1969) Effects of microsurgical removal of the rabbit uterotubal junction. Fertil Steril 20:250–257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Eddy CA, Hoffman JJ, Pauerstein CJ (1976) Pregnancy following segmental ishmic reversal of the rabbit oviduct. Experientia 32:1194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Eddy CA, Antonini R Jr, Pauerstein CJ (1977) Fertility following microsurgical removal of the ampullary-isthmic junction in rabbits. Fertil Steril 28:1090–1093PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Edwards RG (1980) Conception in the human female. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  21. Eschenbach DA (1985) Pelvic inflammatory disease. IPPF Med Bull 19, No 3:1–3PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Estes WL (1909) A method of implanting ovarian tissue in order to maintain ovarian function. Pennsylv Medic J 13:610–613Google Scholar
  23. Estes WL Jr, Heitmeyer PL (1934) Pregnancy following ovarian implantation. Am J Surg 24:563–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Fergusson ILC (1982) Laparoscopic investigation of tubal infertility. In: Chamberlain G, Winston R (eds) Tubal infertility:diagnosis and treatment. Blackwell Sci Publ, Oxford, pp 30–46Google Scholar
  25. First A (1954) Transperitoneal migration of ovum or spermatozoon. Obstet Gynecol 4:431–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Gomel V (1977) Tubal reanastomosis by microsurgery. Fertil Steril 28:59–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Gomel V (1978) Salpingostomy by microsurgery. Fertil Steril 29:380–387PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Gomel V (1980) Microsurgical reversal of female sterilization a reappraisal. Fertil Steril 33:587–597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Green-Armytage VB (1959) Recent advances in the surgery of infertility. J Obstet Gynaec Brit Emp 66:32–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Heitmeyer PL (1934) Pregnancy following ovarian implantation:experimental investigation. Am J Surg 24:571–580Google Scholar
  31. Henry-Suchet J, Loffredo V (1980) Chlamydiae and mycoplasma genital infection in salpingitis and tubal sterility. Lancet 1:539PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hunter RHF (1968) Attempted fertilization of hamster eggs following transplantation into the uterus. J Exp Zool 168:511–516PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hunter RHF (1969) Capacitation in the golden hamster, with special reference to the influence of the uterine environment. J Reprod Fertil 20:223–237PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hunter RHF, Hall JP (1974) Capacitation of boar spermatozoa:synergism between uterine and tubal environments. J Exp Zool 188:203–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hunter RHF, Léglise PC (1971a) Polyspermic fertilization following tubal surgery in pigs, with particular reference to the rôle of the isthmus. J Reprod Fertil 24:233–246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hunter RHF, Léglise PC (1971b) Tubal surgery in the rabbit:fertilization and polyspermy after resection of the isthmus. Am J Anat 132:45–52PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hunter RHF, Baker TG, Cook B (1982) Morphology, histology and steroid hormones of the gonads in intersex pigs. J Reprod Fertil 64:217–222PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hunter RHF, Cook B, Baker TG (1985) Intersexuality in five pigs, with particular reference to oestrous cycles, the ovotestis, steroid hormone secretion and potential fertility. J Endocrinol 106:233–242PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ikle FA von (1961) Schwangerschaft nach Implantation des Ovars in den Uterus. Gynaecologia 151:95–99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Josso N, Picard JY, Dacheux JL, Courot M (1979) Detection of anti-Müllerian agtivity in boar rete testis fluid. J Reprod Fertil 57:397–400PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kirby DRS (1965) The role of the uterus in the early stages of mouse development. In: Wolstenholme GEW, O’Connor M (eds) Preimplantation stages of pregnancy. Ciba Foundation Symposium, Churchill, London, pp 325–339Google Scholar
  42. Laing AJ (1979) Fertility and infertility in domestic animals, 3rd edn. Baillière Tindall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  43. Levasseur MC (1983) Causes possibles de la fréquence des gestations extra-uterines chez la femme et de leur rareté chez les mammifères domestiques. Contracept Fertil Sex 11:1207–1213Google Scholar
  44. Mairano M, Placeo F (1928) Sul comportamento degli autotrapianti ovarici peduncolati nella cavita dell’utero. G Accad Med Torino 91:206–215Google Scholar
  45. Marston JH, Penn R, Sivelle PC (1977) Successful autotransfer of tubal eggs in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). J Reprod Fertil 49:175–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mauriceau F (1675) Traité des maladies des femmes grosses. ParisGoogle Scholar
  47. McComb P (1986) The determinants of successful surgery for proximal tubal disease. Fertil Steril 46:1002–1004PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Metz KGP, Mastroianni L Jr (1979) Dispensability of fimbriae:ovum pick-up by tubal fistulas in the rabbit. Fertil Steril 32:329–334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Murray FA, Bazer FW, Rundell JW, Vincent CK, Wallace HD, Warnick AC (1971) Developmental failure of swine embryos restricted to the oviducal environment. J Reprod Fertil 24:445–448PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Nalbandov AV (1964) Reproductive physiology, 2nd edn. Freeman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  51. Novak ER, Woodruff JD (1967) Novak’s gynecologic and obstetric pathology, 6th edn. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  52. Novak J, Rubin IC (1952) Anatomy and pathology of the Fallopian tubes. In: Walton JH (ed) Ciba Clinical Symposia 4, No 6, pp 179–199Google Scholar
  53. Palmer R (1960) Salpingostomy — a critical study of 396 personal cases operated upon without polythene tubing. Proc R Soc Med 53:357–359PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Palmer R (1978) Reversibility as a consideration in laparoscopic sterilization. J Reprod Med 21:57–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Palmer R, Madelenat P, Mendels E (1979) Les problèmes de l’établissement de statistiques valables dans la chirurgie des stérilités tubo-péritonéales. In: Oviducte et fertilité. Colloque SNESF, Masson, Paris, pp 354–366Google Scholar
  56. Paterson PJ (1978) Tubal microsurgery — a review. Austral NZ J Obstet Gynaecol 18:182–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Paterson PJ, Downing B, Trounson AO, Cumming IA (1981) Fertility and tubal morphology after microsurgical removal of segments of the porcine Fallopian tube. Fertil Steril 35:209–213PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Pauerstein J (1974) The Fallopian tube:a reappraisal. Lea and Febiger, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  59. Pauerstein CJ (1978) From Fallopius to fantasy. Fert Steril 30:133–140Google Scholar
  60. Pauerstein CJ, Eddy CA (1979) The role of the oviduct in reproduction; our knowledge and our ignorance. J Reprod Fertil 55:223–229PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Pope CE, Day BN (1972) Development of pig embryos following restriction to the ampullar portion of the oviduct. J Reprod Fertil 31:135–138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Preston PG (1953) Transplantation of the ovary into the uterine cavity for the treatment of sterility in women. J Obstet Gynaecol Brit Emp 60:862–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Randall S (1986) Ectopic pregnancy. IPPF Med Bull 20, No 6, pp 1–2PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Shirodkar VN (1967) Still further experiences in tuboplasty. In: Westin B, Wiqvist N (eds) Fertility and sterility. Excerpta Medica Fdn, Amsterdam, pp 353–360Google Scholar
  65. Stallworthy J (1948) Facts and fantasy in the study of female infertility. J Obstet Gynaecol Brit Emp 55:171–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Steptoe PC, Edwards RG (1976) Reimplantation of a human embryo with subsequent tubal pregnancy. Lancet 1:880–882PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sweet RL (1982) Chlamydial salpingitis and infertility. Fertil Steril 38:530–533PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Tuffrey M, Falder P, Gale J, Quinn R, Taylor-Robinson D (1986) Infertility in mice infected genitally with a human strain of Chlamydia trachomatis. J Reprod Fertil 78:251–260PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Vigier B, Tran D, Legeai L, Bézard J, Josso N (1984) Origin of anti-Müllerian hormone in bovine freemartin fetuses. J Reprod Fertil 70:473–479PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Winston RML (1980) Microsurgery of the Fallopian tube:from fantasy to reality. Fertil Steril 34:521–530PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Woodruff JD, Pauerstein CJ (1969) The Fallopian tube:structure, function, pathology and management. Williams Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghScotland, Great Britain

Personalised recommendations