The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Plant Cellular Metabolism
Living systems have established several mechanisms by which they transduce extracellular signals into an intracellular language which can be understood by the biochemical and biophysical machinery of the cell. One such mechanism was discovered in animal cells almost 20 years ago by Robinson et al. (1971) and is called the second messenger principle with cyclic 3′,5′-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) as the intracellular second messenger. With the discovery of calmodulin, a cellular Ca2+-binding protein, by Cheung (1980) it became apparent that Ca2+ fulfils all the criteria for being a second messenger in animals too. Recently Rasmussen (1981), in his monograph on Ca2+ and cAMP, has called them the “synarchic messengers”, with Ca2+ being even more important than cAMP (Rasmussen 1981). Recently, a book has been published describing the manifold physiological reactions which are mediated and regulated by calcium (Marmé 1985).
KeywordsOuter Mitochondrial Membrane Transport ATPase Microsomal Vesicle Submitochondrial Localization Corn Coleoptile
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cheung WY (1980) In: Cheung WY (ed) Calmodulin: an introduction in calcium and cell function. Vol 1. Academic Press, New York, pp 1–12Google Scholar
- Dieter P, Salimath B, Marmé D (1984) The role of calcium and calmodulin in higher plants. In: Boudet A (ed) Annual proceedings of the phytochemical society of Europe. Vol 23. Oxford University Press, pp 213–229Google Scholar
- Gross J (1982) Oxalate-enhanced active calcium uptake in membrane fractions from zucchini squash. In: Marmé D, Marré D, Hertel R (ed) Plasmalemma and tonoplast. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 369–379Google Scholar
- Marmé D, Dieter P (1982) Calcium and calmodulin-dependent enzyme regulation in higher plants. In: Marmé D, Marré D, Hertel R (eds) Plasmalemma and tonoplast: their functions in the plant cell. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 111–118Google Scholar
- Morré DJ, Gripshover B, Monroe A, Morré JT (1984) Phosphatidylinositol turnover in isolated soybean glycine-max membranes stimulated by the synthetic growth hormone 2 4-D. J Biol Chem 259:15346–15368Google Scholar
- Rasmussen H (ed) (1981) Calcium and cAMP as synarchic messengers. Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Robinson GA, Butcher RW, Sutherland EW (1971) Cyclic AMP. Academic Press, New York, pp l–47Google Scholar
- Schäfer A, Bygrave F, Matzenauer S, Marmé D (1985) Identification of a calcium and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase in plant tissue. FEBS Lett (submitted)Google Scholar
- Williamson RE (1981) Free Ca2+ concentration in the cytoplasm: a regulator of plant cell function. What’s New Pl Physiol 12:45–48Google Scholar