Several techniques are available for transurethral removal of bladder stones. These stones can be disintegrated mechanically or with shock waves. The concept of destruction by electrohydraulic shock waves was presented in 1950 by Yutkin (Institute of Technology, Kiev, Soviet Union) . Based on these ideas, the Urat-1 lithotriptor was constructed for bladder stones. The first successful electrohydraulic lithotripsy was performed in 1959 by Goldberg. Later, other devices were constructed and the technique was also used for kidney stones  and ureteral stones .
KeywordsShock Wave Bladder Wall Urethral Stricture Bladder Stone Ureteral Calculus
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