Obstetric forceps — past, present, and future

  • L. Laufe


The obstetric forceps has a heritage that is one of the most interesting in the chronicles of medicine. Basically a simple tool, it has provoked more variations than any other instrument in current medical practice. Although some might believe that it has reached its ultimate form, there are continuing endeavors that will lead to better design, function, and safety.


Cesarean Section Obstet Gynecol Cesarean Section Rate Residency Training Program Breech Presentation 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Laufe

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