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Geschichte der Inhalationsnarkose

  • K. Zinganell
Conference paper
Part of the Anaesthesiologie und Intensivmedizin Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine book series (A+I, volume 197)

Zusammenfassung

Unter Inhalationsnarkose verstehen wir die Erzeugung eines Zustandes von Schmerz- und Bewußtlosigkeit durch die Inhalation von Gasen oder Dämpfen mit entsprechender anästhetischer Wirkung. Was für uns heute selbstverständlich ist, war Ende des 18. und Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts neu. Neu war die Inhalation als Weg zur Verabreichung von Substanzen in den menschlichen Körper. Neu war die Entdeckung der schmerzaufhebenden Wirkung bestimmter Gase und Dämpfe und neu war auch, daß jener Zustand der Schmerz- und Bewußtlosigkeit, den Henry Hill Hickman „suspended animation“ nannte, ein reversibler Zustand ist. Und letztlich waren alle Gase und Dämpfe mit anästhetischer Eigenschaft neu entdeckte Substanzen. Einzige Ausnahme bildet der Schwefeläther, den Valerius Cordus als „süßes Vitriol“ bereits im 16. Jahrhundert synthetisiert und dessen hypnotische und schmerzlindernde Eigenschaft Paracelsus, ein Zeitgenosse von Valerius Cordus, beschrieben hatte [56].

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  • K. Zinganell

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