The Application of Synchrotron Radiation to X-ray Imaging

  • P. J. Duke


Many phenomena in chemistry and biology occur at interfaces where two matrices interact in a variety of ways across the boundary. The list of such processes is almost endless. Semiconductors, catalysts, corrosive action, adhesion and electrolyte processes all depend on the physico- chemical properties of surfaces and interfaces. Life at the cellular level depends on the steady intake of nutrients across the cell membrane and the expulsion of cellular products. These processes depend in turn on the properties of the membranes which act as a boundary between the cell and its immediate environment. The breakdown of cellular life can be induced by entities such as viruses which penetrate the boundary, with devastating consequences not merely for the life of the cell but often also for the entire organism.


Lithium PMMA 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. Duke
    • 1
  1. 1.SERC Daresbury LaboratoryWarringtonUK

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