Feasibility Study for the Observation of Biological Materials in VUV Wavelength Regions. Using Zone Plates Fabricated by Electron and Ion Beam Lithographies

  • Yoshinori Nagai
  • Yasushi Nakajima
  • Yutaka Watanabe
  • Shigetaro Ogura
  • Koshi Uyeda
  • Yoshio Shimanuki
  • Hiroshi Kihara

Abstract

In biological system, the important things is to find out what really we should know. There are so many phenomena spreading in wide scale in space (10−11 – 102m) and in time (10−13 – 107sec) in biological world. A purpose of biological science is to explain such various biological phenomena (or more appropriately biological function) in terms of more established concepts in physical science such as thermodynamics and/or conformation. It should be stressed that the observation of biological substances is not the goal of biology, but merely the start of the understanding of the complicated biological systems in various space and time scale as desired. However it will be very much helpful in the fundamental understanding of biological function. This is the reason why we require methods to enlarge or reduce sizes in space and in time.

Keywords

Saccharide Attenuation Hydroxide Ethylene Glycol Adenosine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshinori Nagai
    • 1
  • Yasushi Nakajima
    • 2
  • Yutaka Watanabe
    • 3
  • Shigetaro Ogura
    • 3
  • Koshi Uyeda
    • 4
  • Yoshio Shimanuki
    • 5
  • Hiroshi Kihara
    • 6
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular Biology, School of Veterinary MedicineAzabu UniversityFuchinobe, SagamiharaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Physics, School of Science and EngineeringWaseda UniversityShinjuku-ku, ToykoJapan
  3. 3.Electronic Material Division, Research Department 34Canon Research Center, Canon Inc.Atsugi, KanagawaJapan
  4. 4.Technical Development DivisionAkashi Seisakusho Ltd.KanagawaJapan
  5. 5.Department of Oral Anatomy, School of Dental MedicineTsurumi UniversityYokohamaJapan
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsJichi Medical SchoolMinamikawachicho, TochigiJapan

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