Writing, Time and Memory in the Perspective of Socio-cultural Evolution

  • Arild Lian
Part of the Springer Series in Language and Communication book series (SSLAN, volume 23)


The main conceptions of memory which have been presented in philosophical and psychological literature seem to have been formed, more or less, as metaphors of writing. Plato, in Theatus compared memory with a wax tablet, and Aristotle (On Memory and Reminiscence in Dennis, 1948) likened the memory image to the “imprint of a seal ring” on this tablet. The term “engram”, which means “inscription”, is based on this metaphor. Later writers have dealt with the “engram” as a potentially locatable object, i.e. as a residual neural trace of a stimulus.


Recognition Memory Past Event Time Perspective Seal Ring Traditional Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

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  • Arild Lian

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