Definitions, Risks, and Indices
Certain words, often used loosely in everyday language, have acquired a more precise meaning in epidemiology. As a contribution to this exchange between obstetricians, pediatricians, pathologists, and epidemiologists, we begin by defining some of these terms; next, we describe some concepts of risk basic to epidemiologic judgments; lastly, we introduce the terminology we have found useful in approaching neurodevelopmental disability. A fuller source for all this discussion, and one that includes the key references, is Susser et al. (1985).
KeywordsCerebral Palsy Social Role Functional Disability Attributable Risk Population Attributable Risk
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- Freeman JM (ed) (1985) Prenatal and perinatal factors associated with brain disorders. USDHHS, April.Google Scholar
- Paneth N, Kiely JL (1984) The frequency of cerebral palsy: review of population studies in industrialized nations since 1950. In: Stanley F, Alberman E (eds) Epidemiology of cerebral palsies. Spastics International Medical Publications, London, pp 46–56.Google Scholar
- Susser M et al. (1985) Quantitative estimates of prenatal and perinatal risk factors for perinatal mortality, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and epilepsy. In: Freeman JM (ed) Prenatal and perinatal factors associated with brain disorders. USDHHS, pp 359-439.Google Scholar