• Marius Jacobs


What are the elements that make up a tropical rain forest? The composition in the first place is a matter of plant and animal species collectively known as the flora and fauna. But a list of species is merely a beginning, notwithstanding its fundamental value. The following aspects are also important:
  1. 1.

    The life forms in which the species manifest themselves;

  2. 2.

    The part each life form plays in the vegetation;

  3. 3.

    The size of the largest trees and climbers;

  4. 4.

    The sizes of species of trees and climbers, classed according to diameter;

  5. 5.

    The numbers of seedlings and juvenile stages of the various species;

  6. 6.

    The density of individuals per hectare or larger unit, per species;

  7. 7.

    The associations between individuals of one species: scattered or in groups;

  8. 8.

    The associations between species.



Europe Explosive Stratification Malaysia Indonesia 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

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  • Marius Jacobs

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