Alternative Operative Procedure for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Replacement with a Composite Graft for Early Functional Treatment

  • R. Schabus
  • O. Kwasny
  • M. Wagner
  • H. PlenkJr.
Conference paper


Reconstruction of damaged ligaments, especially the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), is one of the most challenging problems in traumatologic and orthopedic surgery. The long-term success rate of primary repair is less than ideal. In recent years the emphasis has shifted towards the use of autogenous tissue grafts, because artificial total replacements failed more or less totally. Biomechanical studies on ACL biological substitutes demonstrate that none of the tissue grafts by themselves is strong enough or matches the stiffness and strength of natural ligament [51.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Knee Joint Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Patellar Tendon Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Schabus
    • 2
  • O. Kwasny
  • M. Wagner
  • H. PlenkJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Bone and Biomaterial Research Laboratory, Institute of Histology and EmbryologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.University Clinic of TraumatologyAustria

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