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A Comparative Analysis of Four Prosthetic Anterior Cruciate Ligaments in the Goat

  • N. P. Thomas
  • I. G. Turner
Conference paper

Abstract

This paper presents partial results of a two-part study on the implantation of four different prosthetic anterior cruciate ligaments. Here we shall examine the biological response to the prostheses, while a companion paper considers their comparative mechanical properties (see Thomas et al., this volume). The four ligaments studied were expanded polytetrafluoroethylene polyethylene terephthalate and two carbon-fibre/Dacron composite ligaments, the Westminster and the ABC (Active Biocomposite). The ligaments were implanted into the knee joints of 72 adult female goats — 18 goats for each of the four ligament types. Eight animals from each group were killed at 6 and 12 months. Of these, five underwent mechanical testing and three underwent histological study. A total of eight animals were kept for a longer period and were killed after 2 years.

Keywords

Carbon Fibre Bone Tunnel Tibial Bone Tunnel Anterior Cruciate Ligament Replacement Medial Parapatellar Incision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. P. Thomas
    • 1
  • I. G. Turner
    • 1
  1. 1.GB PinnerUK

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