Anatomy of the Popliteus Muscle and Posterolateral Structures

  • C. Fabbriciani
  • M. Oransky
Conference paper


The popliteus muscle is the most important structure on the lateral side of the knee. In the early years of this century this was studied by many authors [for instance, in the fundamental monography of Fürst (1903)]. Thereafter, however, it was neglected for a long time. At present its importance is well-recognised. Its muscular fibres originate from the medial side just behind the medial lateral ligament and the semimembranous tendon to which the fibres are strictly connected. These fibres end in a complex aponeurotic structure that we divide here into three sections (capsular, meniscal, fibular) and in a strong tendon. The aponeurotic structure is very important, and knowledge about it allows us to understand the original function of the popliteus muscle.


Femoral Condyle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Lateral Meniscus Fibular Head Lateral Ligament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Basmajian JV, Lovejoy JF (1961) Functions of the popliteus muscle in man. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 53:557–562Google Scholar
  2. Fabbriciani C, Oransky M, Zoppo U (1982a) II muscolo popliteo: studio anatomico. Arch Ital Anat Embriol 87(3):203–217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Fabbriciani C, Oransky M, Zoppi U (1982 b) II legamento popliteo arcuato e lesue varianti. Ital J Sports Traumatol 4(3): 171–178Google Scholar
  4. Fürst CM (1903) Der Musculus Popliteus und seine Sehne. Acta Regiae Societatis Physio-graphicae LundensisGoogle Scholar
  5. Gruber W (1875) Über den Musculus Popliteus Biceps. Arch Anat Physiol Wiss Med 599–605Google Scholar
  6. Higgins H (1894) The popliteus muscle. J Anat 569Google Scholar
  7. Kaplan EB (1961) The fabellofibular and short lateral ligaments of the knee joint. Surg Gynecol Obstet 104:346Google Scholar
  8. Last RJ (1950) The popliteus muscle and the lateral meniscus. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 32:93–99Google Scholar
  9. Lovejoy JF, Harden TP (1971) Popliteus muscle in man. Anat Rec 169:727–730PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Fabbriciani
    • 1
  • M. Oransky
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinica Ortopedica dell’Università Cattolica S. CuoreRomaItaly

Personalised recommendations