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Determination of Elements in Normal Urothelium and Bladder Carcinoma by X-Ray Microanalysis

  • R. Friedrichs
  • W.-G. Burchard
  • H. Rübben
  • W. Lutzeyer
Conference paper

Abstract

X-ray microanalysis (also called electron probe microanalysis, energy-dispersive microanalysis, and EDX) combines the possibility of a very sensitive elemental analysis with the localization of elements by the electron microscope. It is based on a finely focused electron probe over a sample surface to excite a characteristic X-ray emission. Measurements of the total amounts of elements can detect concentrations as small as 10−18 to 10−19g (Baker 1985; Hall and Gupta 1984; Roomans 1983).

Keywords

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Bladder Carcinoma Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Normal Urothelium Carbon Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Friedrichs
    • 1
  • W.-G. Burchard
    • 2
  • H. Rübben
    • 1
  • W. Lutzeyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyRWTH AachenAachenGermany
  2. 2.Central Electron Microscopy LaboratoryRWTH AachenAachenGermany

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