The Interaction of the Solar Wind with a Comet
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In 1951 Biermann  detected the solar wind as the agent, which shapes the cometary plasma to an extended tail. Numerical model calculations for the interaction of the solar wind with a comet started in 1967 with a simplified one-dimensional model . Since then the model prospered and matured from hydrodynamics to MHD and grew from one to three dimensions . A comprehensive presentation of the results was given by Schmidt and Wegmann . Recently the model got new impact from the collaboration with the group of Huebner in Los Alamos . Last year it had to face the major challenge posed by the ICE spacecraft, which made the first in situ measurements of a cometary plasma. I report here on some improvements which we included recently in this “Schmidt-Wegmann-model”. Furthermore I present some results, which we obtain for a comet like comet Giacobini-Zinner and compare these with the data from the ICE spacecraft.
KeywordsSolar Wind Field Line Shock Front Interplanetary Magnetic Field Elastic Collision
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