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Reaktionen der Tonminerale

  • G. Lagaly
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Eine der wichtigsten Eigenschaften der Tonminerale ist ihr ausgeprägtes Kationenaustauschvermögen. Die Höhe des Kationenaustauschvermögens wird durch die Menge der Zwischenschichtkationen bestimmt, deren Anzahl (pro Formeleinheit) durch die Schichtladung festgelegt und pH-Wert unabhängig ist. Unter den üblichen Bedingungen können nur bei Smectiten und Vermiculiten alle Zwischenschichtkationen gegen andere Kationen ausgetauscht werden. In den Glimmern und Illiten sind die Kaliumionen so fest gebunden, daß unter normalen Bedingungen nur die an den Rändern und Außenflächen liegenden Kationen ausgetauscht werden; das Kationenaustauschvermögen ist wesentlich kleiner als die Menge der austauschfähigen Kationen (Tabelle 3.1).

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© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, GmbH & Co. KG Darmstadt 1993

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  • G. Lagaly

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