Prenatal pathogenesis of the transposition of great arteries

  • T. Pexieder
  • M. Pfizenmaier Rousseil
  • J. C. Prados-Frutos


Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is one of the most spectacular cardiovascular anomalies as far as the clinical picture, as well as its treatments are concerned.


Retinoic Acid Congenital Heart Disease Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect Great Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations used in figures and tables




Aortic arches anomalies


Aortic interruption


Aortic stenosis


Aortic vestibulum


Aortico-pulmonary septum


Aortic sac


Atrial septal defect


Atrioventricular septal defect


Aortic coarctation


Contruncal septum




Double outlet left ventricle


Double outlet right ventricle


Atrioventricular cushion defect


Foramen interventriculare secundum


Foramen interventriculare tertium


Gestation days


Inferior atrioventricular cushion


Left-heart hypoplasy


Left ventricle


Pulmonary artery


Pulmonary artery atresia


Pulmonary artery stenosis


Parallel position of great arteries


Parietal conotruncal ridge


Right ventricle


Superior atrioventricular cushion


Septal conotruncal ridge


Sinus venosus


Truncus arteriosus communis


Total anomalous pulmonary venous return


Transposition of great arteries


Tetralogy of Fallot


Tricuspid orifice or valve


Undetermined ventricle (in A-loop)


Ventricular septal defect


SEM micrographs of normal mouse embryonic hearts originate from the work described in [61].


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Pexieder
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Pfizenmaier Rousseil
    • 1
  • J. C. Prados-Frutos
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Histology and EmbryologyUniversity of LausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut d’Histologie et d’EmbryologieUniversité de LausanneLausanneSuisse

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