Methodological developments and problems of recorders for automatic, indirect, ambulatory 24-hour monitoring of blood pressure

  • W. Meyer-Sabellek
  • K.-L. Schulte
  • A. Distler
  • R. Gotzen
Conference paper


Blood pressure is a dynamic parameter subject to short-term (e. g., beat-to-beat) and long-term (e. g., circadian rhythm) variation. As early as 1898, Hill (1) was able to register daily blood pressure variations and a permanent blood pressure decrease during sleep by means of indirect palpitation with the aid of a sphygmograph. The auscultation of Korotkoff sounds above the brachial artery (2) — first described in 1905 — and its combination with an occlusion cuff according to Riva-Rocci (3) has become the most widely used procedure for the quantitative assessment of arterial blood pressure in daily routine. Stationary devices use auscultatory procedures by means of a microphone, Doppler sonography or oscillometry introduced by von Recklinghausen (5) in 1940 and different tonometric methods (piezofoils) (Table. 1).


Ambulatory Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Variability Circadian Blood Pressure Indirect Blood Pressure Ambulatory Blood Pressure Record 
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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Darmstadt 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Meyer-Sabellek
    • 1
  • K.-L. Schulte
    • 1
  • A. Distler
    • 1
  • R. Gotzen
    • 1
  1. 1.Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum SteglitzFreie Universität BerlinGermany

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