Advertisement

Pathophysiology of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus and their importance in renal stones

  • J. H. Dirks
Conference paper
Part of the Fortschritte der Urologie und Nephrologie book series (2824, volume 23)

Abstract

Renal stone formation is widely acknowledged to be associated with certain risk factors. As discussed elsewhere at this meeting these include hypercalcuria, increased oxalate excretion and a decrease in urinary inhibitor. It is to be noted that high magnesium concentrations act as inhibitors of stone formation and magnesium salts are frequently used in the treatment of renal stones. The purpose is to briefly review normal kidney calcium and magnesium transport and phosphorus and to make some suggestions as to their defects in idiopathic hypercalciuria and renal stone formation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bourdeau JE (1983) Renal handling of calcium. Contemp Issues Nephrol 11: 1–31Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Knox FG, Haramati A (1983) Renal handling of phosphate. Contemp Issues Nephrol 11: 33–51Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Quamme GA, Dirks JH (1983) Renal handling of magnesium. Contemp Issues Nephrol 11: 53–82Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Coe FL (1980) Clinical stone disease. Contemp Issues Neprhol 5: 1–12Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lemann J Jr (1980) Idiopathic hypercalciuria. Contemp Issues Nephrol 5: 86–115Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sutton RAL, Dirks JH (1980) Idiopathic calcium lithiasis. Contemp Issues Nephrol 5: 165–187Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sutton RAL, Walker VR (1979) Acute effects of hydrochlorothiazide on urinary electrolyte excretion in calcareous renal stoneformers. Kidney Int 15: 715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sutton RAL, Dirks JH (1981) Renal handling of calcium, phosphate, and magnesium. The Kidney, 2nd edition, Volume l, pp 551–618Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, GmbH & Co. KG., Darmstadt 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. Dirks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations