Use of Remote Sensing and GIS for Environmental Modelling and Monitoring

  • John Elgy
  • Helen K Jones
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 45)

Abstract

Remote Sensing is proposed as a useful technique for monitoring environmental pollution, in particular landfill sites for landfill gas migration. Landfill gas has the potential to migrate from the site boundaries and cause damage either where it emerges into the atmosphere or in the root zones of vegetation It is also spatially and temporally very difficult to monitor and techniques developed for landfill gas can be applied to other sources of pollution such as ducts or pipelines. The presence of landfill gas in the root zone causes signs of stress to be visible within the vegetation. This stress takes the form of either chlorosis or dieback. Airborne thematic map data and low cost video imagery are used to classify the site according to vegetation stress. A comparison between the efficiency and costs of the two sources of imagery is made. It is recommended that remote sensing is used in conjunction with soil and geological maps in a geographical information system to identify areas of high landfill gas concentration and that this is combined with traditional field measurements to gain a better spatial and temporal understanding of gas migration. The future potential of the technique is discussed

Keywords

Biomass Sugar Clay Methane Migration 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Elgy
    • 1
  • Helen K Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAston UniversityBirminghamUK

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