Generating Orthometric Heights from the ERS-1 Altimeter Geodetic Mission Dataset: Results from an Expert Systems Approach
The ERS-1 mission resulted in the acquisition of large volumes of echoes over non-ocean surfaces. The dense data coverage generated from the geodetic mission offers the possibility of generating millions of height points over the earth’s land surface. However, highly complex altimeter echoes are observed over much of the terrain not sampled by previous altimeters due to loss of lock. An expert system has therefore been developed to retrack individual waveforms using a range of retrackers specifically configured to interpret echoes over land. Data from the entire geodetic mission has been processed to generate a Regional Altimeter Result database (RAR) and this paper presents results illustrating the potential of this technique to generate terrain related information over remote areas. The results confirm the value of an expert system approach to land altimetry retracking, and demonstrate that additional terrain related information may also be derived.
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