Immunogenetic Basis of Organ Graft Rejection in Rat and Mouse

  • E. Günther


Histoincompatibility becomes manifest in vivo by a host-versus-graft reaction or a graft-versus-host reaction. The phenomenon has a genetic basis and is determined by multiple, distinct genes, called histocompatibility (H) genes. The histoincompatibility reaction is immunological in nature and elicited by histocompatibility antigens, which are the products of histocompatibility genes and are expressed on the cell surface. Thus, histocompatibility antigens have been operationally defined as widely expressed molecules eliciting an immune response that leads to the rejection of the antigen-bearing tissue. This immune response is induced when the immune system is confronted with foreign epitopes on histocompatibility antigens. Thus, polymorphism of histocompatibility antigens and of the encoding genes is a prerequisite for inducing histoincompatibility reactions. Histocompatibility antigens belong to the group of alloantigens, i.e., antigenic molecules showing sequence variability in a species; the immune reaction to these antigens is called in general alloimmune response. A graft-versus-host reaction will ensue when the graft contains enough hematopoietic or lymphatic tissue to react immunologically against the recipient. This is the case with bone marrow grafts, but also with intestinal grafts.


Major Histocompatibility Complex Major Histocompatibility Complex Class Congenic Strain Histocompatibility Antigen Major Histocompatibility Complex Antigen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • E. Günther

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