Shoot meristems, whether apical or axillary, are small domes (50–150µm in diameter) consisting of groups of a few actively dividing cells protected by developing leaves. The main physiological functions of meristems are the synthesis of protoplasm and the production of new cells. The biology and developmental morphology of the shoot apical meristems have been studied in grasses (Evans and Grover 1940; Sharman 1942, 1945, 1947; Peacock 1975; Parsons and Robson 1980; Sweet et al. 1991).
KeywordsMaize Germinate Sonal Kinetin Phytol
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