Fundamentals of the Biological Properties of Sialic Acids

  • R. Schauer
  • G. Reuter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 7)

Abstract

The fundamental importance of carbohydrates on the outer cell membrane is well established. They are responsible for the interaction of cells with other cells and molecules and thus regulate the social behaviour and other functions of mobile and resident cells of organisms. As components on the surface of mammalian cells they occur linked to protein or lipid which are in turn anchored in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane. There carbohydrates can cover distinct surface areas and thus modulate potential functions of membrane components or serve as receptors of external molecules. As sialic acids in most cases are in terminal position of glycoconjugates, these sugars play an important role in membrane functions.

Keywords

Sugar Carbohydrate Polysaccharide Pyruvate Meningitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Schauer
    • 1
  • G. Reuter
    • 1
  1. 1.Biochemisches InstitutChristian-Albrechts-UniversitätKielGermany

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