Pneumocystis Carinii

  • Manfred Brack

Abstract

P. carinii is a microorganism of uncertain taxonomic position which infects a wide variety of domestic and wild animals. It is regarded as a protophyte or yeast by some or as protozoan by others. It was first isolated from guinea pigs and a Callithrix penicillata (Chagas, 1909 — cit. from Poelma, 1975). P. carinii infections of nonhuman primates were also described in C.aurita, Aotus trivirgatus, Lagothrix lagotricha, Ateles belzebuth, Alouatta fusca, Pan troglodytes, Galago senegalensis, Galagoides demidovii, and Tupaia glis (McClure and Keeling, 1971; Long et al., 1975; Poelma, 1975; Chandler et al., 1976).

Keywords

Pneumonia Diarrhea Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole Fusca 

References

  1. 1.
    Chandler, F. W., H.M. McClure; W.G. Campbell, jr., and J.C. Watts: Pulmonary Pneumocystis in nonhuman primates. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 100, 163–167 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Krogstad, D.J.: Pneumocystis; pp.383–384 in “Infectious Diseases” (Sanford, J.P. and J.P. Luby, eds.). Grune and Stratton, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Letvin, N.L. and N.W. King: Comparative pathology of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Comp. Path. Bull. 10, 1 and 5 (1984)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Long, G.G.; J.D. White, and J.L. Stookey: Pneumocystis carinii infection in splenectomized owl monkey. J. Amer. Vet. Med. Ass. 167, 651–654 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McClure, H.M. and M.E. Keeling: Pneumocystis carinii in chimpanzees. Primate Zoonoses Surveill. Rep. (5), 5–7 (1971)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Minielly, J. A.; F.C. McDuffie, and K.E. Holley: Immunofluorescent identifications of Pneumocystis carinii. Arch. Path. 90, 561–566 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Poelma, F.G.: Pneumocystis carinii infections in zoo animals. Z. Parasitenk. 64, 61–68 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Popovic, M.; M.G. Sarngadharan; E. Read, and R.C. Gallo: Detection, isolation, and continuous production of cytopathic retroviruses (HTLV-III) from patients with AIDS and pre-AIDS. Science 224, 497–500 (1984)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Brack
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Veterinary MedicineGerman Primate CenterGöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations