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Psychiatrische und psychologische Aspekte der Epilepsie

  • M. R. Trimble

Zusammenfassung

Die Epilepsie ist eine der ältesten Erkrankungen des Menschen. Beschreibungen lassen sich in den frühesten medizinischen Schriften finden. Die sog. „heilige Krankheit“ war für die Griechen insofern göttlich, als nur ein Gott fähig war, einen gesunden Mann zu Boden zu werfen, in Zuckungen zu versetzen und dann den früheren, normalen Zustand wiederherzustellen. Hippokrates wird als einer der ersten angesehen, der betont hat, daß das Gehirn in irgendeiner Form am Krankheitsgeschehen beteiligt ist (Temkin 1971). Diese somatischen Erklärungen wurden jedoch zur Jahrtausendwende hin vergessen und durch dämonische Interpretationen der Erkrankung, Verfolgung und Spott über die Leidenden ersetzt. Im letzten Jahrhundert erfuhr die Epilepsie erneut eine ernsthafte medizinische Beachtung durch die Schriften des englischen Neurologen Hughlings Jackson. Dieser verfeinerte nicht nur die Vorstellungen davon, was heute der Epilepsie zuzurechnen ist, sondern beschrieb auch die “dreamy states” und einige andere sensorische Erscheinungsformen der Epilepsie, die wir heute als Vorläufer der komplexen Partialanfälle ansehen.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

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  • M. R. Trimble

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