Advertisement

Beta Decay far from Stability and the Decay Heat of Nuclear Reactors

  • H. V. Klapdor
  • J. Metzinger
  • K. Grotz
Conference paper

Abstract

The interest in the β-decay properties of nuclides far (and not so far) from stability has increased in recent years. Since the calculation of the half-lives of neutron-rich nuclei published in [1], about 70 new isotopes have been discovered, and this number will increase rapidly with new experimental possibilities (see, e.g.[2–5]). The theoretical predictions [1] thus can be tested now on a rather large number of nuclei unknown at the time of the calculations. Fig. 1 compares the half-lives of the latter nuclides with the predictions of [1]. The theoretical values are found reliable within the expected limits. This is of importance in particular for the astrophysical conclusions on element synthesis, age of galaxy and more recently the value of the cosmological constant and the corresponding energy density of the vacuum [6–8]. The new data allow on the other hand to improve the calculations.

Keywords

Fission Product Beta Decay Pressurize Water Reactor Light Water Reactor Decay Heat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H.V. Klapdor, J. Metzinger, T. Oda, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 31 (1984) 81.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.C. Mueller, this volume.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.P. Dufour et al., this volume.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. Klepper, this volume.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.W. Hoff, this volume.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.V. Klapdor, Fortschr. d. Physik 33 (1985) 1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H.V. Klapdor, Invited lecture presented at Internat. School of Nucl. Phys.: The Early Universe and its Evolution, Erice, Sicily, 2–14 April 1986, in press in Progr. Part. Nucl. Phys.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.V. Klapdor, K. Grotz, Astrophys. J. 301 (1986) L39 and this volume.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.J. Murphy et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 455 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.D. Baker et al., J. Radioanal. Chem. 74, 117 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Kirchner et al., Nucl. Phys. A378, 549 (1982).ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F.K. Wohn et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 873 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R.C. Greenwood et al., Phys. Rev. C27, 1266 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Langevin et al., Phys. Lett. 125B, 116 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Runte et al., Nucl. Phys. A399, 63 (1983).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.C. Hill et al., Phys. Rev. C27, 2857 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Langevin et al., Phys. Lett. 130B, 251 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 19.
    J.C. Hill et al., Phys. Rev. C29, 1078 (1984).ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 18.
    K. Rykaczewski et al., Z. Phys. A309, 273 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Langevin et al., Nucl. Phys. A414, 151 (1984).ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. Runte et al., Nucl. Phys. A441, 237 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Hill et al., Z. Phys. A320, 531 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    U. Bosch et al., Phys. Lett. 164B, 22 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    P.L. Reeder et al., Phys. Rev. C31, 1029 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. Göktürk et al., Z. Phys. A324, 117 (1986).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.P. Dufour et al., Z. Phys. A324, 487 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M.S. Curtin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 34 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Mach et al., Phys. Rev. C34, 1117 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Mach et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1547 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    R.L. Gill et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1874 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J.C. Hill et al., Phys. Rev. C33, 1727 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M.J.G. Borge et al., CERN-EP/86–89.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    P. Taskinen et al., this volume.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    H.V. Klapdor, J. Metzinger Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 (1982) 127 andADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 34a.
    H.V. Klapdor, J. Metzinger Phys. Lett. 112B (1982) 22.Google Scholar
  36. 35.
    F. von Feilitzsch et al., Phys. Lett. 118B (1982) 162.ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 36.
    K. Schreckenbach et al., Phys. Lett. 160B (1985) 325.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    K. Schreckenbach, this volume.Google Scholar
  39. 38.
    H.V. Klapdor, Proceed. KTG/ENS-Internat. “State of the Art”- Seminar on Nuclear Data, Cross Section Libraries and Their Application in Nuclear Technology, Bonn, October 1–2, 1985, p. 419–158.Google Scholar
  40. 39.
    J. Metzinger, H.V. Klapdor, Proceed. ASM Internat. Conf. on Nuclear Power Plant Aging, Availability Factor and Reliability Analysis, San Diego, California, 8–12 July, 1985.Google Scholar
  41. 40.
    J.K. Dickens, T.A. Love, J.W. McConnell, R.W. Peele, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 74 (1980) 106Google Scholar
  42. 41.
    A. Tobias, Progr. Nucl. Energy 5 (1980) 1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 42.
    F. Schmittroth, R.W. Schenter, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 63 (1977) 276Google Scholar
  44. 43.
    H.V. Klapdor, Progr. Part. Nucl. Phys. 10 (1983) 131ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 44.
    T. Yoshida, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 63 (1976) 376Google Scholar
  46. 45.
    T. Yoshida, R. Nakasima, J. Nucl. Sci. Techn. 18 (1981) 393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 46.
    Karlsruhe Chart of the Nuclides, 5th edition 1981, W. Seelmann-Eggebert, G. Pfennig, H. Münzel, H. Klewe-NebeniusGoogle Scholar
  48. 47.
    A.H. Wapstra, G. Audi, The 1983 Atomic Mass Table, Nucl. Phys. A 432 (1985) 1ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 48.
    A.G. Croff, Nucl. Technology 62 (1982) 335 and ORNL-RSIC CCC 371 AGoogle Scholar
  50. 49.
    B.F. Rider, Compil. of Fiss. Prod. ENDF/B-VI (1981)Google Scholar
  51. 50.
    J.K. Dickens, T.A. Love, J.W. McConnell, R.W. Peele, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 78 (1981) 126Google Scholar
  52. 51.
    M. Akiyama, S. An, Nucl. Data Sci. Technology 237–244, ed. K.H. Böckhoff, 1983, ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels and LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  53. 52.
    ANSI/ANS-5.1–1979, American National Standard for Decay Heat Power in Light Water Reactors (1979)Google Scholar
  54. 53.
    DIN 25463, German Standard for the Decay Heat Power in Light Water Reactors (1982)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. V. Klapdor
    • 1
  • J. Metzinger
    • 1
  • K. Grotz
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergF. R. Germany

Personalised recommendations