• Henri Bismuth
  • Denis Castaing


Operative ultrasound, which permits direct placement of the probe on the organ to be studied during surgery, has been in existence for over 20 years. Early experiences with its use in urologic [15] and biliary surgery [7, 8, 9] were limited by technical difficulties but the evolution of B-mode, real-time ultrasound has made possible the broad application of ultrasound in the operating room.


Renal Calculus Hepatobiliary Disease Hepatic Surgery Biliary Surgery Common Duct Stone 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henri Bismuth
    • 1
    • 2
  • Denis Castaing
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Unité de Chirurgie Hépato-biliaire et Département de Chirurgie ExpérimentaleHôpital Paul BrousseVillejuifFrance
  2. 2.UER médicale Kremlin BicêtreUniversité Paris-SudVillejuifFrance

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