Shell Structure and Response Properties of Metal Clusters

  • W. D. Knight
  • Walt A. de Heer
  • Winston A. Saunders
Conference paper


Electronic shell structure, which was first recognized in sodium clusters, has been observed in alkali and noble metals, as well as in divalent and trivalent metals. Shell structure with modifications is expected to be broadly applicable to most metals. Features in the cluster abundance spectra and in the experimental dipole polarizabilities and ionization potentials correlate well with predictions of electronic level filling in spherical and spheroidal potential wells. The lack of precise quantitative agreement between experiment and theory for the response properties indicates necessary refinements in the self- consistent uniform background jellium model for clusters.


Ionization Potential Shell Structure Metal Cluster Response Property Distortion Parameter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Mayer, M., Jensen, J.: Elementary theory of nuclear shell structure. New York: Wiley 1955MATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Knight, W., Clemenger, K., Heer, W. de, Saunders, W., Chou, M., Cohen, M. L.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2141 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Clemenger, K.: Phys. Rev. B32, 1359 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Clemenger, K.: PhD Thesis, University of California, Berkeley (1985)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Woods, R., Saxon, D.: Phys. Rev. 95, 577 (1954)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nilsson, S.: Kgl. Dan. Videns. Selsk. Mat.-Fys. Medd. 29, No. 16 (1955)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heer, W. de: (unpublished 1985 )Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saunders, W.: (unpublished 1985)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chou, M., Cleland, A., Cohen, M.L.: Solid State Commun. 52, 645 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lang, N.: Solid state physics. Vol. 28, p. 225. New York: Academic 1970Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mähen, G.: Many particle physics. Chap. 5. New York: Plenum 1981Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Harrison, W.: Pseudopotentials in the theory of metals. New York: Benjamin 1966; Cohen, M. L., Heine, V.: Solid state physics. Vol. 24, p. 37. New York: Academic 1970Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hybertsen, M., Louie, S.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 1418 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Knight, W., de Heer, W., Clemenger, K., Saunders, W.: Solid State Commun. 53, 445 (1985); see also Kappes, M., Radi, P., Schär, and Schumacher, E.: Chem. Phys. Lett. 119, 11 (1985)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Katakuse, I., Ichihara, I., Fujita, Y., Matsuo, T., Sakurai, T., Matsuda, H.: Int. J. Mass Spectrosc. Ion Proc. 67, 229 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    ibid, (in press, 1986). We are grateful to the authors for communicating their results prior to publication.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Devienne, F., Roustan, J.-C.: Organic Mass Spectrosc. 17, 173 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ekardt, W.: Surf. Sei. 152, 180 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Snider, D., Sorbello, R.: Phys. Rev. B28, 5702 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Beck, D.: Phys. Rev. B30, 6935 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Puska, M., Nieminen, R., Manninen, M.: Phys. Rev. B31, 3487 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Knight, W., Clemenger, K., Heer, W. de, Saunders, W.: Phys. Rev. B31, 2539 (1985)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Martins, J., Car, R., Buttet, J.: Surf. Sci. 106, 265 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Robbins, E., Leckenby, R., Willis, P.: Adv. Phys. 16, 739 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schumacher, E., Kappes, M., Marti, K., Radi, P., Schar, and Schmidhalter, B.: Ber. Bunsenges Phys. Chem. 88, 220 (1984)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Saunders, W.: PhD Thesis, University of California, Berkeley (1986)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Beck, D.: Solid State Commun. 49, 381 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hermann, A., Schumacher, E., Woste, L.: J. Chem. Phys. 68, 2327 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Brechignac, C., Cahuzac, Ph.: Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 477 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Snider, D., Sorbello, R.: Solid State Commun. 47, 845 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    de Heer, W., Knight, W., Chou, M., Cohen, M. L.: Solid state physics. New York: Academic (to be published 1986 )Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. D. Knight
    • 1
  • Walt A. de Heer
    • 1
  • Winston A. Saunders
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations