On the History of Cluster Beams

  • E. W. Becker


The methods to produce and investigate cluster beams have been developed primarily with the use of permanent gases. A summary is given of related work carried out at Marburg and Karlsruhe. The report deals with the effect of carrier gases on cluster beam production; ionization, electrical acceleration and magnetic deflection of cluster beams; the retarding potential mass spectrometry of cluster beams; cluster size measurement by atomic beam attenuation; reflection of cluster beams at solid surfaces; scattering properties of 4He and 3He clusters; the application of cluster beams in plasma physics, and the reduction of space charge problems by acceleration of cluster ions.


Source Pressure Cluster Beam Magnetic Deflection High Boiling Temperature Hydrogen Beam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. W. Becker
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für KernverfahrenstechnikKernforschungszentrum und Universität KarlsruheKarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für KernverfahrenstechnikKernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbHKarlsruhe 1Federal Republic of Germany

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