On the History of Cluster Beams

  • E. W. Becker

Abstract

The methods to produce and investigate cluster beams have been developed primarily with the use of permanent gases. A summary is given of related work carried out at Marburg and Karlsruhe. The report deals with the effect of carrier gases on cluster beam production; ionization, electrical acceleration and magnetic deflection of cluster beams; the retarding potential mass spectrometry of cluster beams; cluster size measurement by atomic beam attenuation; reflection of cluster beams at solid surfaces; scattering properties of 4He and 3He clusters; the application of cluster beams in plasma physics, and the reduction of space charge problems by acceleration of cluster ions.

Keywords

Attenuation Argon Helium Uranium Boiling 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. W. Becker
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für KernverfahrenstechnikKernforschungszentrum und Universität KarlsruheKarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für KernverfahrenstechnikKernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbHKarlsruhe 1Federal Republic of Germany

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