Epidemiology of Primary Liver Carcinoma

  • G. Wagner


For several reasons it is difficult to make exact statements about the epidemiology of primary liver cancer:
  1. 1.

    Differential diagnosis of the various liver tumors is rather difficult

  2. 2.

    There are no corresponding data from many countries

  3. 3.

    The coding of the various subgroups of category 155 of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) differs from country to country, as Aoki [2] was able to show with the aid of the WHO databank

  4. 4.

    Comparisons of present with past epidemiology are difficult or even impossible because, up to the 8th Revision of the ICD, malignant tumors of the liver and the gallbladder or bile duct were combined under a common code number. Only since 1968 (8th Revision of the ICD) have malignomas of the liver (ICD No. 155) been differentiated from those of the gallbladder (ICD No. 156).



Liver Cancer Primary Liver Cancer Cirrhosis Patient Malignant Liver Tumor Peliosis Hepatis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag 1987

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  • G. Wagner

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