A Preliminary Survey of Heavy Metal Concentrations in some Estuarine Organisms in the Littoral Zone of São Luis Island, Maranhão, Brazil

  • A. A. Juras

Abstract

Some species of molluscs such as the mussel Mytela falcata and fish like Genyatremus luteus, Arius herzbergii and Mugil curema are of economic importance and are very abundant in the littoral of São Luis Island. With the recent industrialization of the south of the island by companies such as ALCOA and COMPANHIA VALE DO RIO DOCE which process aluminium and iron ore respectively, much interest has been focussed on toxic metals and other elements in species of economic importance. The present paper describes preliminary studies of metal concentrations in some estuarine organisms of economic importance to the people of São Luis Island.

Keywords

Zinc Migration Mercury Cadmium Beach 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akielaszek JJ, Haines TA (1981) Mercury in the muscle tissue offish from three northern Maine lakes. Bull environ Contamin Toxicol 27: 201 - 208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Babji AS, Embong MS, Woon WW (1979) Heavy metal content in coastal water fishes of West Malasia. Bull environ Contamin Toxicol 23: 830 - 836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bayly IAE, Lake PS (1979) The use of organisms to assess pollution of freshwaters: a literature survey and review. Ministry of Conservation, Melbourne, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  4. Bryan GW, Potts GW, Forster GR (1979) Heavy metals in the gastropod mollusk Haliotis tuberculata (L.). J mar biol Ass UK 57: 379 - 390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CETESB (1980) Metáis pesados no estuário e baia de Santos. Companhia de Tecnología e Saneamento Ambiental, São Paulo, p 75Google Scholar
  6. Czarnezki JM (1985) Accumulation of lead in fish from Missouri Streams impacted by lead mining. Bull environ Contamin Toxicol 34: 736 - 745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Establier R (1972) Contenido em mercurio de los mejillones (Mythus edulis) silvestres y cultivados de la zona noroeste española. Informes técnicos del Instituto de Investigaciones PesquerasGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferreira JR (1978) Estudo do mercúrio no ambiente marinho — Litoral Paulista. Master Thesis, University of São Paulo, p 107Google Scholar
  9. Mackay NJ, Williams RJ, Kacprzac JL, Kazacos MN, Collins AJ, Auty EH (1975) Heavy metals in cultivated oyster (Crassostrea commercialis = Saccostrea cuculata) from the estuaries of New South Wales. Aust J mar Freshwat Res 26: 31 - 46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Müller G, Prosi F (1978) Verteilung von Zink, Kupfer und Cadmium in verschiedenen Organen von Plötzen (Ruthus rutilus L.) aus Neckar und Eisenz. Z Naturf 33: 7 - 14Google Scholar
  11. Watling HR, Watling RJ (1983) Sandy beach molluscs as possible bioindicators of metal pollution. I. Field survey. Bull environ Contamin Toxicol 31: 331 - 338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wharfe JR, van den Broeck WLF (1977) Heavy metals in macroinvertebrates and fish from the lower Medway Estuary (Kent.). Mar Pollut Bull 8: 31 - 34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wilson D, Finlayson B, Morgan G (1981) Copper, zinc and cadmium concentrations of resident trout related to acid-urine waste. Calif Fish Game 67: 176 - 186Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Juras
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Hidrobiologiada UFMASão LuisBrazil

Personalised recommendations